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Learn about literary symbols and how to figure out the what the wallpaper symbolizes in Charlotte Perkins Gilman s "The Yellow

The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Prompt

The yellow wallpaper essay questions

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Dr. Chris Kempling's Letter to a paper on homosexuality got him fired by BCTF. Evangelical teacher Chris Kempling has been denied the right to present his religious discrimination case against the Quesnel School Board to the yellow questions the BC Human Rights Tribunal. Annotated Cover! Although the essay questions HRT ruled that the Knights of Columbus were permitted to refuse to paper lease their hall to questions the lesbian couple, it awarded the cia admissions essay couple $2,000 for injury to their dignity, feelings, and self-respect. An Important Message from Dr. Chris Kempling, June 23, 2008. Friends and Colleagues at BCPTL: On January 28, 2008, I received another citation from the BC College of Teachers. They have laid 12 new charges against the yellow questions, me for conduct unbecoming a member. They include: writing a letter to the editor as the representative of my political party objecting to the then proposed same sex marriage law, submitting an custom term paper, essay for publication on the BCTPL website (which was also published in the Calgary Herald), submitting an essay to a family journal in Germany (which they have not read), for being the local representative of the Christian Heritage Party, and for having knowledge that an article written about me by CHP Leader Ron Gray was published on the party's website. The list goes on, and is the most Orwellian document I have ever read. My lawyer told me that I should expect a very substantial suspension.

I've been subpoenaed for a four day hearing in late September. I've decided I've had enough of the College of Teachers. I've resigned my position with the Quesnel School District to take a job with St. Ann's Academy in Kamloops. Although the remuneration is less, it is worth it to me not to have to be a member of the BCCT. Unfortunately, one side effect of the yellow questions this decision was that the BC Teacher's Federation has cancelled my legal aid, so my lawyer has withdrawn her services.

There is a great deal of legal preparation needed before the hearing, so I have appealed the BCTF decision to the executive committee on a technicality. Should that appeal fail, I've asked Kevin Boonstra of be justified Kuhn and Company to represent me. I have sufficient funds in my legal defense fund to cover his costs for the hearing (but I was hoping to use those funds for my next Supreme Court appeal). The Lord provided last time--every cent--and I'm trusting Him for this next battle, too. Please pray for me as I continue to take a stand on this very important social issue. BC Teachers' Federation Vs Dr. Chris Kempling. Stephen Bennett, the the yellow wallpaper essay main speaker of the evening and a recovered homosexual now happily married to his wife for twelve years, affirmed Kempling in his Christian beliefs about homosexuality. “I am one of cia admissions essay thousands of men and women who have come out of the gay lifestyle,” he said after recounting the turbulent history of the yellow essay his life. “But the media and other people, gay activists, don’t want you to paper writing hear that.

You know why? Because the entire gay agenda is build on a faulty sinking foundation. Two pillars: Number one—that you are born gay. And number two—that you can’t change. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! I am living proof that both of those are faulty and wrong.”

Christopher S. M. Kempling is an educator and registered clinical counsellor in British Columbia, Canada, who has become the center of a controversy concerning minority rights and freedom of speech. Kempling had been employed as a teacher and counsellor at a high school in Quesnel, British Columbia since 1990. In 1997 he began to write a series of letters to the editor of a local newspaper, the Quesnel Cariboo Observer, expressing concern over the presentation of homosexuality in school curricula. Among other things, Kempling's letters objected British Columbia Teachers Federation (BCTF), the union that represents teachers in British Columbia, were distributing teaching-aid literature which had been produced by the Gay and Lesbian Educators of write on pollution BC, and which in his view was erroneous. He also cited various studies that he interprets as showing harm caused by what he described as the the yellow wallpaper essay homosexual lifestyle. Kempling, an advocate of reparative therapy, wrote: Sexual orientations can be changed and the success rate for those who seek help is high. My hope is students who are confused over their sexual orientation will come to see me.

For these letters, Kempling was cited in writing help online May 2001 for wallpaper questions professional misconduct by paper writing help the BC College of Teachers, BCCT the body which regulates the teaching profession in British Columbia, leading to a hearing in May 2002 before the BCCT Disciplinary Committee, which ruled that Kempling’s statements were discriminatory, and therefore unacceptable. Essay Questions! As punishment he was suspended for one month. He appealed his suspension all the way to the Supreme Court of Canada, which finally turned it down in 2006. Anti-hate, hate crimes legislation now before Congress is touted as a sincere attempt to end violent crimes of prejudice. Yet nearly identical laws in Canada and some European countries have led to term a virtual ban of the yellow wallpaper public discussion on certain taboo topics. Also, public criticism of some identifiable groups can be a crime, subject to large fines and write years of imprisonment.

In this unprecedented expose, author and filmmaker Ted Pike rips the cover off this little-known conspiracy against the yellow essay, freedom by the B'Nai B'Rith and its Anti-Defamation League. Now is the time to protest to your elected representatives in Congress - before it is too late. An Interview with Dr. Joseph Nicolosi. Letter to a paper on homosexuality got him fired by BCTF. Kempling had been employed as a teacher and burleigh essay can terrorism counsellor by the Quesnel School District at a high school in Quesnel, British Columbia since 1990. In 1997 he began to write a series of wallpaper essay letters to the editor of a local newspaper, disagreeing with the way that homosexuality was being presented in the curriculum. I refuse to be a false teacher saying that promiscuity is bibliography apa style, acceptable, perversion is normal, and immorality is questions, simply 'cultural diversity' of which we should be proud. Among other things, Kempling objected that the British Columbia Teachers' Federation, by pro and school uniforms the Gay and Lesbian Educators of BC which in his view was erroneous.

He also cited various studies that he interprets as showing harm caused by what he described as the homosexual lifestyle. Mary Woo Simms, Chief Commissioner of BCHRT a motorcycle-riding lesbian for NDP. Wallpaper Essay Questions! Truth is NOT a Defense Mary Woo Sims, the cia admissions essay former chief commissioner of the BC Human Rights Commission, is a hero to some in the gay and lesbian community for the yellow wallpaper questions her record as a defender and promoter of human rights. Annotated! Sims, a motorcycle-riding lesbian , lost a bid last year to wallpaper get elected to annotated cover apa style Coquitlam city council, Georgia Straight. Essay! Child Pornographer backed by BC Judges Southin Shaw.

Societys attitudes toward child pornography may prove as fleeting as views in an earlier age on homosexuality Ann Coulter: Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Assembly. BCTF = BC Teachers Federation: Globalist Propaganda Machine. Erin Pizzey, Founder of the Women's Shelter Movement: Why I loathe feminism. and believe it will ultimately destroy the family Erin Pizzey is the founder of the women's shelter movement and cover of the first modern women's refuge (1971, Chiswick, London, England) Camp Fyrefly: Sexual Deviants mentoring minor children. Canada's only leadership camp for lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans-identified, two-spirited, intersexed, queer, questioning and essay questions allied youth made its debut yesterday in wilkins essay be justified B.C. With the the yellow three-day event on an essay an unnamed island in Howe Sound comes a chance for the province's young sexual minority to have their own space -- perhaps for the first time in their lives. Note that in Homosexual culture Celebration commonly means heavy partying and orgies. Note also that taking kids away from their familiar surroundings and relationships and putting them in a boot camp like Camp fYrefly is the well-tested brainwashing technique of numerous Cults at which they can impose a Paradigm Shift.on a Candidate.

Freedom of Speech / Freedom to Criticize. Wallpaper Essay Questions! Hate Crime Thought Police, Tyranny of Human Rights Tribunals. The Hate Law did grievous harm to the Canadian Justice System by online creating a tool to crush Dissenters in wallpaper essay questions Criminal Court for a Speech Crime, and by changing the criterion of a Crime from pro and school uniforms, creating an tangible harm or loss to essay creating a subjective Hurt Feelings of the Complainant. Francois Houle / University of wilkins Ottawa warns Ann Coulter on Canada's Speech Crime Laws. our domestic laws, both provincial and federal, delineate freedom of the yellow essay expression (or free speech) in a manner that is somewhat different than the approach taken in the United States. . . could in fact lead to criminal charges. Outside of the criminal realm, Canadian defamation laws also limit freedom of expression.

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logo resume LA TYRANNIE DES MARQUES. (extraits de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud – 24,24€, traduit de l'anglais par Michel Saint-Germain) Aujourd'hui, le village est planétaire, l'adolescent mondial est la société de consommation dominée par les marques. The Yellow Questions! Les espaces publicitaires traditionnels qu'elles se sont de tout temps montré promptes à coloniser – panneaux d'affichage, télévision, cinéma, presse écrite – sont désormais devenus trop restreints pour des logos frappés d'expansionnisme galopant. Term Paper! En plantant leurs drapeaux sur des territoires jusqu'à présent vierges de toute publicité, en substituant au simple objet de consommation une image capable de le faire accéder à la dimension de mythe, les multinationales ne se sont pas contentées de bouleverser les mentalités et le monde du travail, elles ont modifié l'économie de nombreux pays. Dans cette course au profit, beaucoup sont en effet passés maîtres dans l'art de bafouer les droits de l'homme : l'esclavage moderne existe dans les zones franches industrielles ou dans certains Etats du Tiers-Monde, véritables paradis fiscaux pour sociétés capitalistes. Questions! Pendant ce temps, en Occident, les usines ferment les unes après les autres et migrent sous des cieux plus complaisants, les mises à pied massives se succèdent à un rythme effréné, les contrats à temps partiel ou intérimaires remplacent les emplois permanents, les acquis sociaux sont laminés, voire disparaissent. Mais le nombre augmente de ceux qui prônent l'urgence d'une mobilisation vigilante, et qui dénoncent les abus commis par les grandes sociétés. Custom Term Paper! Venant de partout, ils se rencontrent, se regroupent et s'organisent sur l'Internet : ils veulent récupérer l'espace, la rue, la forêt dont on the yellow wallpaper questions les a privés, ils réclament des emplois et des conditions de travail décents, un partage plus équitable des énormes bénéfices des multinationales, ils refusent d'acheter des produits pour lesquels d'autres, à des milliers de kilomètres de chez eux, paient le tribut de la sueur et parfois même du sang. Ce nouveau militantisme, reflet de la pluralité sociale et ethnique de bon nombre de pays, a déjà gagné des batailles contre les logos mastodontes.

Les événements de Seattle ou de Prague l'ont prouvé : il est encore temps de dire non à la tyrannie des marques. Write On Pollution! (au dos du livre No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Naomi Klein est née en 1970 à Montréal. Wallpaper Essay Questions! Elle débute sa carrière de journaliste au Toronto Star , où elle publie des articles sur le monde du travail et le marketing. Annotated Bibliography Page Apa Style! Cinq ans plus tard, elle devient reporter indépendant et s'intéresse notamment au caractère prédateur de la publicité dans nos sociétés. The Yellow Wallpaper! Elle vit actuellement à Toronto, où elle est journaliste au Globe and cia admissions, Mail . Wallpaper Essay Questions! (au dos du livre No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Cherche toujours l'ombre derrière l'éclat Au début de ma vie, mon regretté grand-père, Philip Klein, jadis animateur chez Walt Disney, m'a donné une leçon inestimable : cherche toujours l'ombre derrière l'éclat. Paper Online! (p. Wallpaper! 11 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud)

Pas de panneaux de pub dans mon paysage ! Personnellement, j'ai une passion pour les paysages, et je n'en ai jamais vu un seul amélioré par un panneau d'affichage. Pro And Uniforms! C'est lorsqu'il érige une affiche devant d'agréables perspectives que l'homme est à son plus vil. The Yellow Essay! Quand je prendrai ma retraite de Madison Avenue, je lancerai un groupe secret d'autodéfense, formé de cagoulards parcourant le monde sur des motos silencieuses pour abattre des affiches après la tombée de la nuit. Paper! (David Ogilvy, fondateur de l'agence de publicité Ogilvy Mather, dans Confessions of an essay questions, Advertising Man , 1963, cité p. Term! 27 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Produire des images plutôt que des produits. Pendant fort longtemps, la fabrication d'objets demeura, du moins en principe, au cœur de toutes les économies industrialisées. Wallpaper Essay Questions! Mais, dès le milieu des années 1980, [. Term Paper! un] consensus émergea : les entreprises étaient surdimensionnées, trop grandes ; elles possédaient trop d'actifs, employaient trop de gens et se trouvaient alourdies de trop d'objets. Wallpaper! [. Cover Page! ] Vers la même époque, un nouveau genre d'entreprises commença à ravir des parts de marché aux manufacturiers traditionnels, purement américains ; c'étaient les Nike et les Microsoft et, plus tard, les Tommy Hilfiger et les Intel. Essay Questions! Ces pionniers avaient le front de prétendre que la production de marchandises ne représentait qu'une part secondaire de leurs activités et que, grâce à de récentes victoires dans la libéralisation du commerce et la réforme du droit du travail, ils pouvaient faire fabriquer leurs produits par des entrepreneurs, souvent à l'étranger. Term! Ce que ces entreprises produisaient surtout, ce n'étaient pas des objets, selon eux, mais des images de leurs marques. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! Leur véritable travail n'était pas la fabrication, mais le marketing.

Cette formule s'est évidemment avérée des plus rentables, et son succès a incité des entreprises à se faire concurrence dans une course à la légèreté : le vainqueur est celui qui possède le moins, qui utilise le moins grand nombre d'employés et qui produit les images les plus convaincantes, plutôt que des produits. Help Online! (p. Essay! 28 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Des marques, pas des produits ! – du jour au lendemain, ce fut le cri de ralliement d'une renaissance du marketing menée par une nouvelle génération de sociétés qui se considéraient comme des courtiers en signification plutôt que comme des producteurs de produits. Wilkins Essay Can Terrorism! [. Essay Questions! ] Depuis lors, un groupe sélect de sociétés a tenté de se libérer du monde matériel des articles de base, de la fabrication et des produits, pour exister sur un autre plan. Cia Admissions Essay! [. The Yellow! ] Par conséquent, ces tâches subalternes pouvaient et devaient être confiées à des fournisseurs et à des sous-traitants dont le rôle se limitait à remplir la commande à temps et dans les limites budgétaires (idéalement au Tiers-Monde, où la main d'œuvre coûte trois fois rien, où les lois sont laxistes et les exemptions fiscales monnaie courante). Wilkins Can Terrorism! Pendant ce temps, le siège social est libre de se concentrer sur l'essentiel – créer une mythologie commerciale suffisamment forte pour insuffler un sens à ces objets bruts [. The Yellow! ]. Ainsi l'explique Phil Knight, le P.D.G. An Essay! de Nike : Pendant des années, nous nous sommes considérés comme une société orientée production, au sens où nous mettions toute notre énergie dans la conception et la fabrication du produit. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! Mais à présent, nous comprenons que notre fonction la plus importante est sa mise en marché. Write An Essay! Nous disons maintenant que Nike est une société orientée marketing [. The Yellow Wallpaper! ]. Annotated Bibliography Page Apa Style! [. Wallpaper Essay Questions! ] Avec cette manie de la marque apparut une nouvelle race de gens d'affaires, lesquels vous informaient avec fierté que la marque X n'était pas un produit mais un style de vie, une attitude, un ensemble de valeurs, un look, une idée.

Et cela semble formidable – bien plus que de se faire expliquer platement que la marque X est [. Annotated Bibliography Page Apa Style! ] une chaîne de hamburgers [,] un jean [ou] une gamme [. Wallpaper Questions! ] de chaussures de course. Annotated Page! (pp. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! 47 à 49 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Consacrer son capital à la promotion des marques. [. Custom Term! ] notre stratégie est de concentrer toute notre attention sur la gestion de marque, le marketing et la conception de produits, ce qui nous permettra de faire face à la demande et aux besoins de vêtements décontractés. The Yellow Essay! Le fait de déléguer une part importante de production [. Cia Admissions! ] à des entrepreneurs du monde entier conférera à notre entreprise une flexibilité accrue, et lui permettra de consacrer ses ressources et son capital à la promotion des marques. Essay Questions! Cette étape est cruciale si nous voulons demeurer compétitifs. Pro And Con On Uniforms Essays! John Ermatinger, président de la division Amériques de Lévi Strauss, justifiant la décision de la compagnie de fermer 22 usines et de congédier 12 000 employés nord-américains entre novembre 1997 et février 1998 (p. Wallpaper Questions! 239 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Différence entre produit et marque Peter Schweitzer, président du géant de la publicité J. Essay! Walter Thompson [explique] : La différence entre produits et marques est fondamentale.

Un produit, c'est ce qui se fabrique en usine ; une marque, c'est ce qu'achète le consommateur. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! [People Buy Products Not Brands, par Peter Schweitzer (collection J. Annotated Cover Page Apa Style! Walter Thompson White Papers, sans date)] (pp. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! 239-240 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) La fabrication d'objets n'a plus de valeur. Phil Knight [a déclaré] : La fabrication d'objets n'a plus de valeur. Paper Writing! La valeur est ajoutée par la recherche de pointe, l'innovation et le marketing. Wallpaper Essay! [Katz, Just Do It , p. Pro And Con On School Uniforms Essays! 204] (p. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! 241 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Et le logo devint visible. Jusqu'au début des années 1970, les logos des vêtements étaient généralement dissimulés, discrètement placés à l'intérieur du col. Be Justified! Dans la première moitié du siècle, de petits emblèmes de concepteurs apparurent à l'extérieur, mais cette tenue d'allure sportive restait plutôt confinée aux terrains de golf et aux terrains de tennis des riches. Wallpaper! A la fin des années 1970, [. Wilkins Be Justified! le] cavalier Polo de Ralph Lauren et l'alligator d'Izod Lacoste s'échappèrent du terrain de golf et se répandirent en tous sens dans les rues, déplaçant avec détermination le logo sur le devant de la chemise.

Ces logos remplissaient la même fonction sociale que le fait de garder l'étiquette du prix sur le vêtement : tout le monde savait précisément quel supplément on the yellow questions était prêt à payer pour le style. Can Terrorism Be Justified! Dès le milieu des années 1980, Lacoste et Ralph Lauren furent rejoints par Calvin Klein [et] Esprit [. Questions! ] ; après avoir contribué à l'ostentation affectée, le logo devint graduellement un accessoire de mode. Cia Admissions Essay! Surtout, le logo lui-même augmentait en taille, l'emblème de deux centimètres se dilatant jusqu'à devenir une enseigne pleine poitrine. The Yellow Wallpaper! (p. Cover Page Apa Style! 54 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Quand les marques se veulent culture. Dès le milieu des années 1990, des compagnies comme Nike, Polo et Tommy Hilfiger étaient prêtes à porter le branding au stade suivant : ne plus se contenter d'apposer leurs marques sur leurs propres produits, mais également sur la culture – en sponsorisant des événements culturels [. Wallpaper! ]. [Puis, il] ne s'agit plus de sponsoriser la culture mais d'être la culture. Con On School Uniforms Essays! Et pourquoi pas ? Si les marques ne sont pas des produits mais des idées, des attitudes, des valeurs et des expériences, pourquoi ne pourraient-elles pas également constituer une culture ? [. Questions! ] Ce projet de transformer la culture en collection d'extensions de marques [. Pro And Con On! ] [. The Yellow Wallpaper! ] n'aurait pas été possible sans les politiques de déréglementation et de privatisation des trois dernières décennies. Essay! [. Wallpaper Questions! ] A mesure que diminuaient les dépenses gouvernementales, les écoles, musées et diffuseurs cherchaient désespérément à combler leurs déficits budgétaires en formant des partenariats avec l'entreprise privée. Annotated Page Apa Style! [. The Yellow Essay Questions! ] Dans ce contexte, le sponsoring [. Burleigh Can Terrorism Be Justified! ], devint très rapidement une industrie à la croissance explosive [. The Yellow! ]. Paper Writing Help Online! (pp.

55 à 57 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) CBS News, porte-drapeau de Nike. [. Wallpaper Questions! ] durant les Jeux olympiques de 1998 à Nagano, au Japon, [. Paper! ] Roberta Baskin, journaliste d'investigation au réseau américain CBS, vit ses collègues de la section sport livrer leurs reportages sur les jeux dans des vestes ornées de voyants logos Nike. Wallpaper Essay! Sponsor officiel de la couverture olympique du réseau, Nike fournissait aux reporters sportifs et autres du matériel décoré du swoosh [. Annotated Page Apa Style! ]. The Yellow Wallpaper! Roberta Baskin fut gênée et consternée que des reporters de CBS donnent l'impression d'être des porte-parole des produits Nike, non seulement parce que cela gommait encore davantage la frontière entre l'éditorial et la publicité, mais parce que deux ans plus tôt, elle avait révélé au journal télévisé des cas d'abus physiques à l'endroit des travailleurs d'une usine de chaussures Nike au Vietnam. Paper! Elle accusa la station de lui avoir refusé la permission de poursuivre l'enquête à cause d'une entente de sponsoring avec Nike, et d'avoir annulé la reprise prévue de l'émission.

Le président de CBS News, Andrew Heyward, nia vigoureusement avoir cédé aux pressions du sponsor [. Wallpaper Essay Questions! ]. Essay! (pp. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! 67-68 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Les pop stars roulent pour Coca Cola ou Pepsi. George Michael, Madonna, Robert Palmer, David Bowie, Tina Turner, Lionel Richie et Ray Charles ont tous enregistré pour Coke ou Pepsi. Paper Help! (p. The Yellow! 74 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Nike change Michael Jordan en rêve. Comme le dit Michael Jordan : Ce qu'ont fait Phil [Knight] et Nike, c'est de me changer en rêve. Annotated Bibliography! [ New York Times , 20 décembre 1997, p. The Yellow Essay! A1] (p. Write An Essay On Pollution! 80 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Les sportifs payent pour faire de la pub ? Selon [une étude menée en 1995 par le professeur Roy F. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! Fox, de l'Université du Missouri], la plupart des élèves de collèges du Missouri qui ont visionné en classe le mélange d'informations et d'annonces de Channel One croyaient que les stars du sport payaient pour figurer dans leurs publicités. Essay! (p. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! 89 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud)

Les marques, c'est cool ! Comme le disait la détaillante Elise Decoteau à propos de sa clientèle adolescente : Ils courent en troupeaux. On Pollution! Si vous vendez quelque chose à l'un deux, vous le vendez à tous les étudiants de leur classe et de leur école. Il y avait un hic, un seul. Wallpaper Questions! [. Essay! Il] ne suffisait pas aux compagnies de faire le marketing de leurs produits auprès d'un groupe démographique plus jeune ; il leur fallait façonner des identités de marque qui entreraient en résonance avec cette nouvelle culture. The Yellow Essay Questions! Pour métamorphoser leurs ternes produits en transcendantes machines à sens [. On Pollution! ], il leur faudrait devenir elles-mêmes l'image du cool des années 1990 : sa musique, ses styles et sa politique. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! [. Cia Admissions Essay! Le] secteur commercial connut une frénésie d'énergie créatrice. The Yellow! Le cool, l'alternatif, le jeune, le in paper online, [. Essay! ] constituait une identité parfaite pour des fabriquants de produits espérant devenir des marques transcendantes [. School! ]. The Yellow Questions! Les annonceurs, les gestionnaires d'images, les producteurs de musique, de films et de télévision retournèrent à l'école [. Burleigh Essay Be Justified! ] afin d'isoler et de reproduire dans des publicités pour la télévision l'attitude précise que les ados et les jeunes adultes étaient portés à consommer [. The Yellow Essay Questions! ]. Le Wall Street Journal publie régulièrement des articles sérieux sur la façon dont la tendance aux jeans larges ou aux sacs à dos miniatures affectent le marché boursier. An Essay! [. The Yellow Questions! Le] but tel qu'énoncé par le directeur du marketing Phil Spur, est le suivant : Ils (les jeunes cool) doivent regarder vos jeans, regarder votre image de marque et dire c'est cool.

[Un concepteur de Nike, Aaron Cooper, parlant d'une de ses visites à Harlem :] On est allés au terrain de jeu et on on pollution a largué les chaussures. Essay! C'est incroyable. Pro And Uniforms! Les jeunes perdent la boule. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! C'est là qu'on réalise l'importance de Nike. Writing Online! Les jeunes vous disent que Nike occupe la première place dans leur vie – la deuxième va à leur copine. Wallpaper Essay! (pp. Cia Admissions! 99 à 107 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Réaction d'un vendeur de chaussures. Tout cela me fatigue et m'épuise. Essay! Je suis toujours obligé d'affronter cette vérité que je fais de l'argent avec les pauvres. Essay! Beaucoup d'entre eux reçoivent l'assistance sociale. The Yellow Essay! Parfois, une mère arrive avec un jeune sale et mal habillé.

Mais le jeune veut une paire de chaussures à 120 dollars, et cette mère stupide les lui achète. Writing! Je ressens le besoin intérieur de ce jeune – son désir de posséder ces choses et les sentiments qui les accompagnent –, mais ça me fait mal que ça se passe ainsi. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! (Steven Roth, propriétaire d'un magasin de chaussures dans le New Jersey, cité p. Burleigh Essay Be Justified! 435 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Des marques dans l'Ecole : le cas Channel One. Bien sûr, les sociétés qui se présentent [. The Yellow! ] à la porte de l'école n'ont rien contre l'éducation. Help Online! Les étudiants doivent à tout prix s'instruire, disent-elles, mais pourquoi pas ne pas lire à propos de notre compagnie, écrire sur elle, travailler sur leurs propres préférences en matière de marques et créer un dessin pour notre prochaine campagne publicitaire ? D'après ces sociétés, l'enseignement et l'élaboration de la notoriété d'une marque peuvent constituer deux aspects du même projet. The Yellow Wallpaper! C'est là qu'interviennent Channel One [. Term! ], et son équivalent canadien, le Youth News Network [. The Yellow Essay! ].

Au début de la décennie, ces diffuseurs scolaires autoproclamés approchèrent les comités de gestion des écoles nord-américaines avec une proposition. Cia Admissions Essay! Ils leur demandèrent d'ouvrir leurs salles de classe à deux minutes de publicité télévisée par jour, insérée dans douze minutes d'émissions d'actualité pour adolescents. Essay! Nombre d'écoles consentirent, et les émissions furent bientôt diffusées. Paper! Toutefois, il n'était pas question de faire taire le jovial baratin publicitaire. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! Non seulement le visionnage de la programmation est devenu obligatoire pour les étudiants, mais les enseignants sont [dans l'impossibilité de] régler le volume de la diffusion, surtout celui des publicités. Paper Writing Help! [. Essay Questions! ] La station [Channel One] se targue maintenant d'être présente dans 12 000 écoles, et d'atteindre un auditoire estimé à huit millions d'étudiants [. Con On School Uniforms Essays! ]. The Yellow! (pp. Annotated Page! 123-124 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Ainsi que l'ont souligné plusieurs critiques, Channel One ne se contente pas de colporter les chaussures de sport et les friandises de ses annonceurs auprès des étudiants : elle vend également l'idée que sa propre programmation est un inappréciable outil d'éducation, propice à la modernisation du matériel démodé que constituent les livres et les enseignants. The Yellow Essay! [. Cia Admissions! ] Ainsi, pour faire mousser Anastasia dans les écoles, la Fox ne s'est pas contentée de publicités dans les menus du déjeuner ; elle a également fourni aux enseignants un manuel pour l'étude d' Anastasia . The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! Jeffrey Godsick, premier vice-président, publicité et promotion, chez Fox, a expliqué que c'était le réseau qui rendait service aux écoles, et non l'inverse.

Les enseignants des écoles publiques cherchent désespérément des contenus accrocheurs pour les jeunes. Writing Help Online! [ Wall Street Journal , 24 novembre 1997, p. Wallpaper Essay! B1] (p. Wilkins Be Justified! 127 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Des marques dans les cantines scolaires. Les chaînes de fast-food [. Wallpaper Essay Questions! ] rivalisent avec les cafétérias dans 13 pour cent des écoles américaines. Cia Admissions Essay! Au terme d'un accord inimaginable dans les années 80, des sociétés telles que McDonald's et Burger King s'installent maintenant dans certaines cantines [. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! ]. Essay! Subway approvisionne 767 écoles en sandwiches ; Pizza Hut possède un marché d'environ 4 000 écoles ; et [. Essay Questions! ] 20 000 écoles sont liées à la gamme burritos surgelés de Taco Bell. An Essay! [. Wallpaper Questions! ] Puisque [. Term Paper! ] leur nourriture est habituellement deux fois plus coûteuse que celle des cafétérias, les jeunes issus de familles pauvres doivent se contenter de viande non identifiée, tandis que leurs confrères plus [aisés] se nourrissent de Pizza Hut et de Big Mac. Wallpaper Essay Questions! Et ils ne peuvent même pas espérer voir le jour où la cafétéria servira de la pizza ou des [cheesburgers], puisque nombre d'écoles ont signé avec les chaînes des accords leur interdisant de servir des versions génériques des produits concernés [. Essay! ]. The Yellow Essay Questions! (pp. Custom! 124-125 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Travailler pour des marques à l'école. Ce sont [. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! ] les responsables du Nike World Campus qui ont conçu l'hybride le plus avancé de la publicité en classe, un exercice de relations publiques déguisé en outil d'enseignement : le kit d'enseignement Air-to-Earth. Essay Can Terrorism! Pendant l'année scolaire 1997-1998, les élèves de plus de 800 classes élémentaires américaines ont découvert que le cours de la journée consistait à confectionner une chaussure de sport Nike, jusqu'au swoosh et à l'autographe d'une star de la National Education Association.

Qualifié d'usage méprisable du temps scolaire par la National Education Association et de déformation de l'éducation par la Consumers Union, cet exercice serait censé éveillé l'attention sur les aspects écologiques du processus de production. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! Channel One pousse encore plus loin en recrutant des enseignants partenaires afin de mettre en place des cours où l'on demande aux étudiants de créer une nouvelle campagne publicitaire pour Snapple ou de redessiner les distributeurs automatiques de Pepsi. Custom Paper! A New York et à Los Angeles, des étudiants du secondaire ont créé des spots animés de trente secondes pour les bonbons aux fruits Starbust, et des étudiants de Colorado Springs ont conçu des publicités Burger King qui ont été affichées dans leurs cars scolaires. The Yellow! [. Bibliography Cover Page Apa Style! L']ensemble étant financé par le système scolaire et les impôts des contribuables. Wallpaper Questions! (pp. Paper Writing! 128-129 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Un concours Coca Cola à l'Ecole.

[En 1998,] Coca-Cola lança un concours demandant à plusieurs écoles de fournir une stratégie de distribution de coupons-rabais Coke à des étudiants. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! L'école qui aurait conçu la meilleure stratégie promotionnelle remporterait 500 dollars. Annotated! Greenbriar High School, à Evans, en Géorgie, a pris le concours très au sérieux, organisant à la fin mars une Journée officielle Coke lors de laquelle tous les élèves arrivaient à l'école vêtus de t-shirts Coca-Cola, posaient pour une photographie de groupe formant les lettres C, o, k, e, assistaient à des conférences données par des cadres de Coca-Cola et apprenaient tout, en classe, sur la boisson noire et pétillante. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! Ce fut un petit coin de paradis de marketing jusqu'à ce que vienne aux oreilles de la directrice que, dans un horrible geste de défi, un certain Mike Cameron, 19 ans, était arrivé à l'école vêtu d'un t-shirt au logo de Pepsi. Cia Admissions Essay! Il fut rapidement suspendu pour cette infraction. Wallpaper! Je sais que ça semble affreux – un enfant suspendu pour avoir porté un t-shirt Pepsi à la journée Coke, a dit la directrice, Gloria Hamilton.

C'aurait été vraiment acceptable. Cover Apa Style! si ça s'était limité à l'intérieur de l'école, mais nous recevions le président régional [de Coca-Cola], et des gens étaient venus en avion d'Atlanta pour nous faire l'honneur de prononcer des allocutions. Questions! Ces étudiants savaient que nous avions des invités. Paper Writing! [Associated Press, 25 mars 1998] (p. Wallpaper Essay Questions! 130 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) En mai 1996, des étudiants et des enseignants de l'Université du Wisconsin à Madison ont découvert le contenu d'une entente de sponsoring que leur administration était à la veille de signer avec Reebok – et ils ont moyennement apprécié. Apa Style! L'entente renfermait une clause de non-dénigrement qui interdisait à des membres de l'université de critiquer la société d'équipement sportif.

La clause s'énonçait ainsi : Au cours du trimestre et pour une période subséquente raisonnable, l'Université n'émettra aucune déclaration officielle dénigrant Reebok. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! En outre, l'Université prendra rapidement toutes les mesures nécessaires concernant toute remarque faite par un employé, un agent ou un représentant de l'Université, y compris les entraîneurs, dénigrant Reebok, ses produits, son agence de publicité ou ses représentants. Essay! Reebok dut renoncer à cette clause après que des étudiants et des membres du personnel enseignant eurent lancé une campagne de sensibilisation sur le fait que Reebok ne respectait pas les droits des travailleurs du Sud-Est asiatique. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! (pp. Write On Pollution! 131-132 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) [A] l'Université Kent State – l'un des campus américains sur lesquels Coca-Cola a des droits de distribution exclusifs – des membres d'Amnesty International ont proposé un boycott du soda parce que Coca-Cola faisait des affaires avec la dictature nigériane. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! En avril 1998, les activistes ont fait une demande de fonds en bonne et due forme à leur conseil étudiant afin d'inviter un des membres du Free Nigeria Movement à une conférence sur les droits humains.

Est-ce qu'il va dire des choses négatives sur Coca-Cola ? Parce que Coca-Cola fait un tas de choses positives sur notre campus, comme aider les organisations et le sport, a demandé un membre du conseil. Pro And Essays! Les représentants d'Amnesty International répondirent qu'en effet, l'orateur ferait des commentaires négatifs sur les activités de la compagnie au Nigeria, et le financement fut refusé. Essay! (pp. Term Paper! 132-133 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Une marque de tabac à l'Ecole. Certaines universités sont même allées jusqu'à faire appel à la police à l'encontre de leur population étudiante pour protéger un contrat particulièrement lucratif. The Yellow Essay Questions! A l'été 1996, l'Université York, de Toronto, accueillit comme chaque année son open du Maurier. Help! Ce tournoi de tennis télévisé est peut-être, de toute l'année, l'événement de marketing doté de la visibilité maximale pour le fabricant de cigarettes. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! Dans un geste qui s'attira les critiques de l'Association canadienne des libertés civiles, on essay can terrorism be justified empêcha les activistes antitabac – dont nombre d'étudiants de York – de distribuer, au cours de l'événement, des dépliants critiques sur le campus ou dans ses alentours. Essay Questions! Lorsqu'ils défièrent les ordres, l'université appela la police, qui saisit les documents anti-tabac des protestataires, leur donna des contraventions et menaça de les arrêter.

En dépit de la controverse publique, l'université ne modifia aucunement sa politique. On Pollution! (p. Essay Questions! 133 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Partenariat universités/entreprises (1/3) [Aujourd'hui], en Amérique du Nord, des partenariats de recherche entre universités et entreprises servent tantôt à concevoir de nouveaux patins Nike, tantôt à développer des techniques plus efficaces d'extraction du pétrole pour Shell, quand ce n'est pas à évaluer la stabilité du marché asiatique pour Disney, à tester la demande en Internet haut débit pour Bell ou à mesurer les mérites relatifs d'un médicament breveté comparé à sa contrepartie générique, pour ne donner que quelques exemples. Le Docteur Betty Dong, chercheuse en médecine à l'Université de Californie à San Francisco (UCSF), a eu le malheur d'accepter ce dernier mandat – tester un médicament breveté avec des fonds provenant du fabricant. Bibliography Cover Apa Style! Le Docteur Dong était directrice dune étude sponsorisée par la compagnie pharmaceutique britannique Boots (qui s'appelle maintenant Knoll) et de l'UCSF. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! Le sort de ce partenariat jette une lumière éclatante sur la façon dont le mandat des universités en tant que lieux de recherche d'intérêt public est souvent en contradiction flagrante avec les intérêts des missions de recherche des marques. L'étude du Docteur Dong avait pour objet de comparer l'efficacité du médicament Boots pour la thyroïde, le Synthroid, avec celle d'un concurrent générique.

La compagnie espérait que la recherche démontrerait que son médicament, beaucoup plus coûteux, était meilleur, ou du moins substantiellement différent du médicament générique – une prétention qui, si elle était légitimée par une étude provenant d'une université respectée, augmenterait sensiblement les ventes de Synthroid. Cia Admissions Essay! Mais le Docteur Dong découvrit plutôt le contraire. The Yellow Essay! Les deux drogues étaient bio-équivalentes, un constat qui représentait une économie potentielle de 365 millions de dollars par année pour les huit millions d'Américains qui prenaient le médicament breveté, et une perte potentielle, pour Boots, de 600 millions (les revenus de vente de Synthroid). Custom Paper! [. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! Les] découvertes devaient être publiées le 15 janvier 1995 dans le Journal of the burleigh wilkins essay American Medical Association . Essay Questions! Mais à la dernière minute, Boots réussit à empêcher la publication de l'article, invoquant une clause du contrat de partenariat qui donnait à la compagnie un droit de veto sur la publication des résultats. Write An Essay! L'université, craignant d'onéreuses poursuites, se rangea du côté du fabricant, et l'article fut supprimé. Essay Questions! Quand toute l'affaire fut relatée dans le Wall Street Journal , Boots recula et l'article fut finalement publié en avril 1997, avec deux ans de retard. School Uniforms! (pp. Wallpaper! 134-135 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Partenariat universités/entreprises (2/3) En 1998, une affaire semblable ébranla l'Université de Toronto et l'Hôpital des Enfants malades, qui y est affilié – mais cette fois, le chercheur découvrit que le médicament soumis à l'étude pouvait véritablement nuire aux patients. Burleigh Can Terrorism Be Justified! Le Dr Nancy Olivieri, scientifique de réputation mondiale et spécialiste d'une maladie du sang appelée thalassémie, avait conclu un contrat de recherche avec le géant pharmaceutique Apotex. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! La compagnie voulait que le Dr Olivieri teste l'efficacité du médicament appelé défériprone sur ses jeunes patients souffrant de thalassémie majeure.

Lorsque le Docteur Olivieri obtint des preuves que, dans certains cas, le médicament pouvait avoir des effets secondaires mortels, elle voulut en avertir les malades et alerter d'autres médecins de sa spécialité. Writing Online! Apotex mit fin à l'étude et menaça de poursuivre le Dr Olivieri si elle publiait ses découvertes, en arguant d'une clause mineure du contrat de recherche qui lui donnait le droit de détruire les résultats un an essay, après la fin des expériences. Essay! Olivieri fit néanmoins paraître une communication dans The New England Journal of questions, Medicine et là encore, l'administration de son université et celle de son hôpital renoncèrent à défendre l'inviolabilité de la recherche universitaire menée dans l'intérêt du public. Burleigh Wilkins Can Terrorism Be Justified! Ajoutant l'insulte à l'opprobre, en janvier 1999, elles déchurent le Dr Olivieri de son poste de recherche supérieur et la renvoyèrent à l'hôpital. Wallpaper Essay! (Après une longue bataille publique, le médecin finit par récupérer son poste.) (p. Cia Admissions! 135 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Partenariat universités/entreprises (3/3) La plus effrayante de ces affaires est peut-être celle qui implique un professeur associé à l'Université Brown, dans le Rhode Island, qui a travaillé en tant que médecin spécialisé en santé au travail à l'Hôpital Memorial du Rhode Island, affilié à l'université et situé à Pawtucket. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! Une usine de textile locale avait commandé au Dr David Kern une enquête sur deux cas de maladie pulmonaire qu'il avait traités à l'hôpital. Pro And Con On School! Il en trouve six autres dans cette usine de 150 personnes, découverte étonnante puisque l'incidence de pareille maladie dans la population générale est de un cas sur 40 000 habitants. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! Comme le Dr Dong et le Dr Olivieri, le Dr Kern était sur le point de présenter un article sur ses découvertes lorsque la compagnie de textile le menaça de poursuite, citant une clause dans l'accord qui empêchait la publication de secrets commerciaux. Cia Admissions! Une fois de plus, l'université et l'administration de l'hôpital se rangèrent nettement du côté de la compagnie, interdisant au Dr Kern de publier ses résultats et fermant le laboratoire où il était seul à mener son étude. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! (p.

136 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Pourquoi résister à la pub à l'Ecole ? Il y en a déjà tellement partout. Parents et éducateurs ne pouvaient rien gagner par la résistance ; aujourd'hui, les enfants sont tellement bombardés par les marques qu'il semblait moins important de protéger les espaces éducatifs de la commercialisation que de trouver immédiatement de nouvelles sources de financement. Burleigh Wilkins Can Terrorism Be Justified! [. The Yellow! ] Comme le dit Frank Vigil, président des systèmes informatiques ZapMe ! : La jeunesse américaine est exposée à la publicité dans bien des aspects de sa vie. Cia Admissions Essay! Nous croyons que les étudiants ont suffisamment de jugeote pour discerner le contenu éducatif du matériel publicitaire. Essay Questions! Ainsi, il devint possible, pour bien des parents et des enseignants, de justifier leur échec à protéger un espace jusqu'alors public en arguant du fait que les publicités que les étudiants ne voient pas en classe ou sur le campus leur apparaîtraient sûrement dans le métro, sur le Net ou à la télé lorsqu'ils retourneraient chez eux. Write An Essay On Pollution! (p. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! 138 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Marketing multinational, Marketing mondial et Marketing multi-ethnique. Grâce au progrès du libre-échange et autres formes de déréglementation accélérée, le marché mondial devenait enfin une réalité, mais de nouvelles questions urgentes se posaient : Quelle était la meilleure façon de vendre des produits identiques à travers des frontières multiples ? Jusqu'à ces dernières années, pour certaines grandes entreprises, la réponse était simple : obligez le monde à parler votre langage et à absorber votre culture.

En 1983, [. Custom! ] Theodore Levitt, professeur d'études commerciales à Harvard, [. The Yellow Questions! ] établissait une force distinction entre les sociétés multinationales , qui sont fragiles et qui subissent des transformations au gré du pays dans lequel elles opèrent, et les sociétés mondiales , arrogantes, qui restent, par définition, toujours les mêmes, peu importe où elles sévissent. On Pollution! [. Essay! ] Les sociétés mondiales de Levitt étaient, bien entendu, des sociétés américaines, et l'image homogénéisée qu'elles promouvaient reflétait l'Amérique : de jeunes blonds aux yeux bleus mangeant des céréales Kellogg à la télé japonaise ; [. School Essays! ] Coca-Cola et McDonald's vendant au monde entier le goût étasunien. The Yellow! [. Burleigh Wilkins Essay Can Terrorism Be Justified! ] Ces temps-ci, le fin du fin du marketing mondial n'est pas de vendre l'Amérique au monde, mais de fournir à chacun, dans le monde entier, une sorte de mélange d'épices. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! Au tournant du XXIe siècle, le boniment de vente, c'est moins le Marlboro Man que Ricky Martin : un mélange bilingue de Nord et de Sud, de latino, de rythm blues, tout cela enrobé dans les paroles de chansons d'une fête mondiale. Term! Cette approche galerie des restos exotiques [. Questions! ] permet à des sociétés de vendre un même produit dans plusieurs pays, sans déclencher la vieille clameur de Coca-Colonisation. Cia Admissions Essay! (pp. Questions! 153 et 155 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) [Le] grand espoir mondial, ce sont les jeunes des pays développés et semi-développés. Writing Help! Plus que quiconque, ces adolescents de classe moyenne, bardés de logos, résolus à se couler dans le moule fabriqué par les médias, sont devenus les puissants symboles de la mondialisation. Plusieurs raisons l'expliquent. The Yellow Essay Questions! D'abord, [. Writing Help Online! le] monde fourmille d'adolescents, surtout dans les pays du Sud [. Questions! ]. Annotated Bibliography Cover! Les deux tiers de la population asiatique ont moins de trente ans [. Essay! ] et ces ados consomment une part disproportionnée des revenus de leurs familles. Be Justified! [. Wallpaper! ] Selon [. Cia Admissions! ] une firme américaine ayant étudié la consommation chez les ados chinois, alors que maman, papa et les [. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! ] grands-parents peuvent se passer d'électricité, leur fils unique (grâce à la politique nationale de l'enfant unique) se délecte fréquemment de ce qu'on a coutume d'appeler le syndrome du petit empereur, ou de ce qu'elle nomme le phénomène 4-2-1 : quatre aînés et deux parents économisent des bouts de chandelles pour que l'enfant unique devienne un clone de MTV. Con On School Uniforms! [. The Yellow! ] Pour Elissa Moses, première vice-présidente de l'agence [de publicité new-yorkaise DMBB qui a sondé 27 600 adolescents dans 45 pays], l'arrivée du groupe démographique de l'ado mondial représente l'une des plus grandes possibilités de marketing de tous les temps. Annotated Bibliography Cover Apa Style! (pp. Essay Questions! 156-157 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Habiter la marque. Les magasins ne sont que le commencement – la première phase de l'évolution menant du shopping expérimental à la pleine expérience de la marque.

Dans un supermagasin, écrit [Michael J. Burleigh Wilkins Essay! Wolf, consultant en publicité], l'éclairage, le décor, le casting d'employés provoquent en vous le sentiment diffus d'une pièce dans laquelle vous, le consommateur, tenez un rôle principal. Wallpaper Essay! Mais sur le plan des événements, cette pièce est plutôt courte : une heure ou deux, tout au plus. Pro And Uniforms Essays! Voilà pourquoi la phase suivante [. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! ] a été la création de vacances associées à une marque : [. Cover Page! ] Disney a lancé le paquebot de croisière Disney Magic [. Essay Questions! ]. School Essays! Nike élabore son propre paquebot de croisière [. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! ] et Roots Canada, peu après avoir présenté une gamme de linge de maison et ouvert un magasin vedette à Manhattan, a lancé Roots Lodge, hôtel de marque en Colombie-Britannique. Burleigh Wilkins Be Justified! [. The Yellow Questions! ] En avril 1999, le Roots Lodge n'était pas encore ouvert, mais la construction était suffisamment avancée pour rendre le concept parfaitement clair : une colonie de vacances pour adultes, haut de gamme, complètement associée à la marque. Wilkins Essay Can Terrorism! [. Questions! ] C'est comme habiter un panneau d'affichage, fait observer sans exagérer un visiteur de notre tournée officielle. Cia Admissions! Croisement de show-room et de living-room véritable, le lieu de villégiature présente un logo Roots dans chaque cabane, sur les oreillers, les serviettes, les couverts, la vaisselle et les verres. The Yellow! Les fauteuils, sofas, tapis, stores et rideaux de douche sont tous de Roots. Paper! Sur la table basse Roots, en bois, un sous-main en cuir brun Roots accueille délicatement un livre hagiographique sur l'histoire de Roots – tout cela s'achète au magasin Roots d'en face. Wallpaper Essay! [. Writing Online! ] Le problème avec les destinations de vacances associées à une marque, c'est qu'elles ne fournissent que des occasions temporaires de convergence de marque, une oasis dont les familles, à la fin du voyage, sont abruptement arrachées pour être larguées à nouveau dans leur vie ancienne [. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! ]. An Essay On Pollution! Voici donc Celebration, en Floride : la toute première ville Disney. The Yellow Questions! Méticuleusement planifié, le lotissement arrive tout équipé : clôtures de piquets, association des propriétaires nommée par Disney, et château d'eau bidon. Be Justified! Pour les familles qui y résident toute l'année, Disney a atteint le but ultime du branding du style de vie : que la marque devienne la vie même.

Sauf que la vie offerte n'est peut-être pas celle à laquelle nous nous attendions de la part de Mickey. Wallpaper! [. Term Paper! ] Lorsque Michael Eisner, P. Essay Questions! D.G. Annotated Bibliography! de Disney, décida de donner suite au vieux rêve de Walt en édifiant une ville associée à une marque, il se détourna du monde de fantaisie [. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! ]. Essay! Bien que dotée de toute la technologie et du confort modernes, Celebration est moins futuriste que rétro : c'est une recréation de l'Amérique vivable qui existait avant les centres commerciaux, l'étalement des grandes surfaces, les autoroutes, les parcs d'attraction et le mercantilisme de masse. Wallpaper! Bizarrement, Celebration n'est même pas un véhicule de vente de produits Mickey, la ville est presque dépourvue de Disney – et c'est sans doute la seule qui reste en Amérique. Page! [. The Yellow! ] [Les] résidents qui parcourent les rues tranquilles de Celebration, bordées d'arbres et dépourvues de panneaux-réclame, ne sont sujets à aucune des stimulations ou des dévastations de la vie contemporaine. Custom! Aucun Levi Strauss n'a acheté toutes les devantures de la rue principale. The Yellow Questions! [. Custom Term Paper! Ce] qu'il y a de plus frappant à Celebration, [. The Yellow! ] c'est la quantité d'espace public qu'elle offre – parcs, édifices communautaires et places publiques. Con On School Uniforms! En quelque sorte, l'innovation de Disney dans le branding est une célébration de l'absence de branding [. The Yellow! ]. [Donc, si] l'on oublie un instant Le Meilleur des mondes qu'évoque inévitablement pareille vision, ces univers de marques ont quelque chose de séduisant. Bibliography Cover Page Apa Style! [. Questions! ] Nous vivons à une époque où les atteintes relatives à la construction d'espaces publics et de monuments dans la vie réelle grâce à des budgets collectifs – des écoles, par exemple, des bibliothèques, des parcs – se voient constamment réduites, voire complètement refusées. School! Dès lors, ces mondes privés deviennent captivants, du point de vue esthétique et créatif, et cela, d'une façon déroutante [. The Yellow Wallpaper! ]. Custom Term Paper! Pour la première fois depuis des décennies, des groupes humains élaborent leurs propres communautés idéales [. Wallpaper Essay! ]. Cia Admissions! Le pouvoir émotionnel de ces enclaves réside dans leur capacité de captiver un désir nostalgique avant d'en augmenter l'intensité : salle de gymnase scolaire avec un équipement du niveau de la NBA ; colonie de vacances garnie de hot tubs et proposant un menu gastronomique ; librairie à l'ancienne avec meubles griffés et café au lait ; villes dépourvues d'erreurs architecturales et d'activités criminelles ; musée au budget hollywoodien. The Yellow Wallpaper! Oui, ces créations revêtent peut-être quelque caractère fantastique qui donne vaguement froid dans le dos ; il importe cependant de ne pas les écarter comme de simples manifestations de mercantilisme crasse visant les masses irréfléchies : pour le meilleur ou pour le pire, ce sont bien des utopies publiques privatisées. Essay! (pp. The Yellow! 193 à 199 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) = Cf. Wilkins Essay Can Terrorism Be Justified! aussi l'article Mickey house. The Yellow Essay! , pp. Cia Admissions! 50-51 du Nouvel Observateur n° 1970 du 8 au 14 août 2002.

Quand les marques censurent leurs athlètes. Quelques jours avant de remporter la course olympique qui allait faire de lui l'athlète le plus rapide de notre époque, [le sprinteur canadien Donovan] Bailey [a] déclaré à Sports Illustrated que la société canadienne [la branche canadienne d'Adidas ?] est aussi ouvertement raciste que les Etats-Unis. Essay! Adidas [. Term Paper! ] s'empressa de faire taire Bailey. Wallpaper Essay Questions! Doug Hayes, vice-président d'Adidas, déclara au Globe and con on essays, Mail que ces commentaires n'ont rien à voir avec Donovan l'athlète ni le Donovan que nous connaissons [. The Yellow Essay Questions! ]. Un cas semblable de censure impliqua la vedette britannique du football Robbie Fowler, alors âgé de 21 ans. Paper! En mars 1997, après avoir marqué un deuxième point [. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! ], Fowler se tourna vers la foule et enleva son maillot officiel pour exhiber un t-shirt politique rouge qui disait : 500 Liverpool dockers sacked since 1995 (500 dockers de Liverpool congédiés depuis 1995).

Les débardeurs étaient en grève depuis des années, luttant contre des centaines de mises à pied [. Custom Term! ]. Wallpaper Questions! Le Liverpool Football Club, qui engrange les revenus selon les messages de marque qui apparaissent sur les maillots officiels des joueurs , se précipita pour couper court à tout autre geste de ce genre. Custom Term! Nous signalerons à tous nos joueurs que les commentaires sur des questions extérieures au football sont inacceptables sur le terrain de jeu, déclara le club [. Wallpaper Essay! ]. An Essay On Pollution! Et pour s'assurer que le seul message figurant sur les t-shirts des athlètes serait d'Umbro ou d'Adidas, l'UIEFA, organisme qui gouverne le football européen, donna suite à l'incident en imposant à Fowler une amende de 2 000 francs suisses. Cette histoire connut un autre rebondissement. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! Le t-shirt de Fowler ne relevait pas de la simple déclaration politique, il correspondait à un sabotage de pub : subversion affichée d'une marque omniprésente, les lettres c et k du mot dockers avaient été agrandies et redessinées de façon à ressembler au logo de Calvin Klein : do cK ers. Page Apa Style! Quand des photographies du t-shirt furent étalées dans tous les journaux britanniques, le concepteur menaça d'attaquer en justice pour infraction au droit des marques. Lorsqu'on les accumule, de tels exemples donnent de l'espace commercial l'image d'un Etat fasciste, avec son salut au logo et sa répression de toute critique, parce que nos journaux, stations de télévision, serveurs Internet, rues et espaces de vente au détail sont contrôlés par les intérêts des multinationales. Essay Questions! (pp. Write On Pollution! 231-232 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud)

Baisse de la part des salaires dans le Tiers-Monde. Des sociétés qui, traditionnellement, se contentaient d'une marge de 100% entre le prix de revient et le prix de détail, ont cherché dans le monde entier des usines capables de fabriquer leurs produits à si bon compte que la marge se rapprocherait davantage des 400%. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! Et, comme le fait remarquer un rapport des Nations unies de 1997, même dans les pays où les salaires étaient déjà faibles, les frais de main-d'œuvre constituaient une part de moins en moins grande des budgets des grandes entreprises [ Naomi Klein ne le dit pas, mais il faut sans doute comprendre que la raison en est l'automatisation des tâches et non la baisse des salaires, ndi ]. Cover! Dans quatre pays du Tiers-Monde sur cinq, dans le secteur manufacturier, la part actuelle des salaires est considérablement inférieure à ce qu'elle était dans les années 1970 et au début des années 1980. Wallpaper Essay Questions! [Trade and burleigh wilkins essay, Development Report, 1997, Conférence des Nations unies sur le commerce et le développement économique] (p. Essay Questions! 241 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Les multinationales ne sont pas responsables des conditions de travail dans les usines de leurs sous-traitants.

[. Burleigh Wilkins Can Terrorism! ] De nombreuses sociétés se délestent de toute la production. Essay Questions! Au lieu de fabriquer les produits dans leurs propres usines, elles se les procurent, de la même manière que les entreprises des industries des ressources naturelles se procurent l'uranium, le cuivre ou le bois. Cia Admissions Essay! Elles ferment des usines existantes, et sous-traitent la fabrication, de préférence dans d'autres pays. Essay Questions! Et, à mesure que les anciens emplois s'envolent vers l'étranger, autre chose s'envole avec eux : l'obsolète idée qu'un fabricant est responsable de sa main d'œuvre. Cia Admissions Essay! Le porte-parole de Disney, Ken Green, [. Wallpaper Questions! ] exprima publiquement sa frustration de voir sa société réprimandée pour les conditions de catastrophiques en vigueur dans une usine haïtienne où l'on produisait des vêtements Disney. Page Apa Style! Nous n'employons personne en Haïti, dit-il, faisant référence au fait que l'usine est la propriété d'un entrepreneur. Wallpaper! (pp. Custom Term Paper! 241-242 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Des entreprises sans usine. La société Nike [. Essay! ] qui n'a la propriété d'aucune de ses usines, est devenue le prototype de la marque sans produit. Pro And School Uniforms! [. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! ] En 1993, Adidas [. Help! ] s'empressa de fermer les usines allemandes [. The Yellow Wallpaper! ] et sous-traita sa production en Asie [. Custom Term! ]. The Yellow! Nous avons tout fermé, déclara fièrement Peter Csanadi, porte-parole d'Adidas. Paper Online! Nous n'avons gardé qu'une petite usine, qui est notre centre de technologie mondial et qui compte pour environ 1 pour cent de la production totale. Essay! [. An Essay! ] En novembre 1997, Levi Strauss annonça une restructuration [. The Yellow Questions! ]. Essays! De 1996 à 1997, les revenus de la société avaient diminué de 7,1 milliards de dollars.

Mais cette baisse de 4 pour cent ne suffit pas à expliquer la décision de la société de fermer 11 usines. Wallpaper! Les fermetures entraînèrent la mise à pied de 5 395 travailleurs, le tiers de sa main d'oeuvre nord-américaine déjà restructurée précédemment. Burleigh! Au cours du processus, la société ferma trois de ses quatre usines d'El Paso, au Texas, une ville où elle constituait le plus grand employeur du secteur privé. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! L'année suivante, encore insatisfaite des résultats, la compagnie annonça une autre série de fermetures en Europe et en Amérique du Nord. Cia Admissions Essay! Onze autres de ses usines nord-américaines allaient être fermées : le nombre de travailleurs mis à pied atteignit à 16 310 en seulement deux ans. John Ermatinger, président de la division des Amériques de Levi's, donna une explication familière : Pour l'Amérique du Nord, notre plan stratégique est de concentrer toute notre attention sur la gestion de marque, le marketing et la conception de produits, ce qui nous permettra de faire face à la demande et aux besoins de vêtements [. Wallpaper Questions! ]. Cia Admissions! [ Business Wire , 22 février 1999] (pp. Wallpaper Questions! 242 à 245 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) La disparition des logos de la façade des usines. […] alors qu'à une époque révolue, des sociétés productrices d'objets de consommation arboraient fièrement leurs logos sur les façades de leurs usines, la plupart des multinationales prétendent aujourd'hui que l'emplacement de leurs installations de production relève du secret commercial qu'il faut garder à tout prix.

Lorsque des associations de militants des droits de l'homme lui demandèrent, en avril 1999, de révéler le nom et l'adresse des usines de ses entrepreneurs, Peggy Carter, vice-présidente des vêtements Champion, répondit : Nous n'avons aucun intérêt à ce que nos concurrents apprennent où nous sommes situés et tirent avantage de ce que nous avons passé des années à bâtir. Writing Online! [ Boston Globe , 18 avril 1999] […] [Ainsi,] les zones franches industrielles […] dont le nombre est en explosion [sont] peut-être le dernier endroit de la planète où les supermarques gardent un profil bas. Wallpaper Essay! […] (pp. Annotated Bibliography Cover Apa Style! 246 et 248 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) L'explosion des Zones Franches Industrielles. [Le] nombre [des zones franches industrielles] est en explosion. Essay Questions! […] Aux Philippines […], 52 zones économiques emploient 459 000 personnes – contre 12 000 en 1986 et 229 000 en 1994. Cia Admissions! La plus grande économie de zones se trouve en Chine, où 18 millions de gens, au bas mot, travaillent dans 124 zones franches industrielles [Bureau international du travail, mai 1998]. Essay Questions! Au total, estime le Bureau international du travail, 850 ZFI au moins […] se déploient dans 70 pays et emploient 27 millions de travailleurs. Bibliography Cover Apa Style! […] En principe, les ZFI attirent des investisseurs étrangers qui, si tout va bien, décident de rester dans le pays, et les chaînes d'assemblage […] se changent en développement durable […]. A Cavite [aux Philippines], [les] cinq premières années de leur séjour, les sociétés bénéficient d'un congé fiscal, toutes dépenses payées, durant lequel elles ne versent ni impôt sur le revenu ni taxe foncière. Wallpaper Essay! [… Au] Sri Lanka, […] les investisseurs peuvent passer 10 ans avant de devoir payer des taxes. Essay! […] L'une des nombreuses et cruelles ironies de ces zones, c'est que chaque prime prodiguée par les gouvernements pour y attirer les multinationales ne fait que renforcer le sentiment que les sociétés sont bien des touristes économiques plutôt que des investisseurs à long terme. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! […] [Afin] de soulager la pauvreté, les gouvernements consentent de plus en plus de primes […], cependant qu'à l'extérieur de la zone, la pauvreté ne fait que croître d'une façon de plus en plus désespérante. Burleigh Essay Can Terrorism! […]

L'engouement actuel pour les ZFI est fondé sur le prétendu succès des économies du tigre asiatique, surtout la Corée du Sud et Taïwan. Essay! Quand seuls quelques pays, comme ces derniers, étaient pourvus de zones, les salaires augmentaient régulièrement, des transferts de technologie avaient lieu et la taxation avait été graduellement introduite. Custom Paper! Mais, s'empressent de souligner les critiques des ZFI, l'économie mondiale est devenue beaucoup plus concurrentielle depuis que ces pays sont passés à des industries exigeant des compétences plus élevées. Wallpaper Questions! Aujourd'hui, puisque 70 pays rivalisent pour les revenus issus des zones franches industrielles, les primes utilisées pour attirer les investisseurs augmentent, et salaires et normes sont maintenus en otage par les menaces de départ. Custom! Résultat : des pays entiers se transforment en bidonvilles industriels et en ghettos de main d'œuvre bon marché. Wallpaper Essay! […] Selon le maire [de Rosario, aux Philippines], de nombreuses compagnies voient leurs congés fiscaux prolongés, à moins qu'elles ne ferment avant de rouvrir sous un autre nom, pour refaire le même parcours gratuit.

Elles ferment avant l'expiration du congé fiscal, puis redémarrent sous un autre nom, juste pour éviter de payer des taxes. Con On Uniforms Essays! Comme elles ne versent rien au gouvernement, nous sommes actuellement dans un dilemme, m'a dit Ricafrente. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! […] Le maire est convaincu qu'il y aura toujours un pays – que ce soit le Vietnam, la Chine, le Sri Lanka ou le Mexique – prêt à courber encore plus bas l'échine. Wilkins Essay Be Justified! Entre-temps, les villes comme Rosario auront vendu leur population, compromis leur système d'éducation et pollué leurs ressources naturelles. The Yellow Essay! (pp. Cia Admissions! 248 à 255 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Conditions de travail et Salaires dans les Zones Franches Industrielles. Quel que soit l'emplacement des ZFI, les récits des travailleurs sont d'une hallucinante gémellité : la journée de travail est longue – 14 heures au Sri Lanka, 12 en Indonésie, 16 dans le sud de la Chine, 12 aux Philippines. Essay! […] La direction fait montre d'un style militaire, les contremaîtres sont souvent grossiers, les salaires au-dessous du seuil de la subsistance, le travail fastidieux et peu spécialisé. Can Terrorism! […]

Certains employeurs gardent les toilettes cadenassées, sauf durant deux pauses de 15 minutes, au cours desquelles tous les travailleurs doivent pointer afin que l'administration puisse tenir compte de leur temps d'improductivité. The Yellow Essay Questions! Les couturières d'une usine de vêtements Gap, Guess et Old Navy m'ont dit qu'elles doivent parfois uriner dans des sacs de plastique, sous leurs machines. Pro And School Uniforms Essays! […] Dans la zone de Cavite [Philippines], le salaire minimum est davantage considéré comme une vague indication que comme une loi. The Yellow! Au cas où 6 dollars par jour, ce serait encore trop cher, les investisseurs ont la possibilité de demander une exonération au gouvernement. Burleigh Be Justified! Alors que certains travailleurs de zones gagnent le salaire minimum, la plupart – grâce aux exonérations gouvernementales – reçoivent moins. Wallpaper Questions! (pp. Wilkins Can Terrorism! 250-251 et 256 à 257 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud)

N'écoutez pas les agitateurs et les fauteurs de troubles ! A une intersection centrale de la zone franche industrielle de Cavite, un grand panneau proclame : N'ECOUTEZ PAS LES AGITATEURS ET LES FAUTEURS DE TROUBLES. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! Les mots sont en anglais, en capitales peintes d'un rouge vif, et chacun sait ce qu'ils signifient. Custom Paper! Bien que les syndicats soient théoriquement légaux aux Philippines, il existe dans les zones une politique qui interdit la syndicalisation et les grèves, une politique tacite mais comprise par tous. Questions! [. Annotated Cover Page Apa Style! ] [Ainsi, des] usines déjà syndiquées ont fermé leurs portes pour les rouvrir dans la zone franche industrielle de Cavite [. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! ]. Burleigh Wilkins Be Justified! C'est ainsi que les produits MarksSpencer étaient fabriqués dans une usine syndiquée du nord de Manille. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! Il n'a fallu que dix camions pour amener MarksSpencer à Cavite, m'a dit un organisateur syndical de la région. Essay Can Terrorism Be Justified! Le syndicat a été éliminé. The Yellow Essay Questions! (pp. Be Justified! 258 à 260 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Salaires chinois contre Salaires étatsuniens et allemands. Les associations syndicales s'accordent pour dire qu'en Chine, un salaire de subsistance, pour un travailleur de chaîne d'assemblage, serait d'environ 87 cents américains par jour. Wallpaper! Aux Etats-Unis et en Allemagne, où les multinationales ont fermé des centaines d'usines textiles pour passer à la production en zone, les travailleurs du vêtement sont respectivement payés, en moyenne, 10 et 18,50 dollars américains l'heure [communiqué du Bureau international du travail, 28 octobre 1996]. Cia Admissions! Mais malgré ces énormes économies sur le plan de la main d'œuvre, ceux qui fabriquent des marchandises pour les marques les plus connues et les plus riches du monde refusent de verser à des travailleurs chinois les 87 cents qui assureraient leur subsistance, écarteraient la maladie et leur permettraient même d'envoyer un peu d'argent à leurs familles.

En 1998, une étude sur la fabrication d'objets de marque dans les zones économiques spéciales de la Chine a révélé que [. The Yellow Essay Questions! ] Nike, Adidas [. Can Terrorism! ] ne versaient qu'une fraction de ces misérables 87 cents – certaines osant descendre à aussi peu que 13 cents l'heure. The Yellow! (pp. Write On Pollution! 257-258 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) = Il y a, dans ce passage, une incohérence. The Yellow! En effet, dans l'hypothèse de 10 heures travaillées par jour, 13 cents/heure = 130 cents/jour, soit plus que le salaire de subsistance revendiqué par les syndicats (87 cents/jour). Usines hirondelles (de la Corée du Sud et Taïwan vers la Chine et l'Indonésie) Puisque les industries s'empressent de fuir l'augmentation des salaires, les réglementations sur l'environnement et les taxes, les usines sont conçues pour être mobiles. Writing! Certaines de ces usines hirondelles en sont peut-être à leur troisième ou quatrième migration et, comme le souligne clairement l'histoire de la sous-traitance, elles se posent toujours plus légèrement à chaque nouvelle halte. Wallpaper Essay! [. Wilkins Can Terrorism! A] Pusan, en Corée du Sud – surnommée, dans les années 1980, la capitale mondiale des baskets –, des entrepreneurs coréens dirigeaient des usines pour Reebok, L.A. Wallpaper Essay! Gear et Nike. Write! Mais lorsque, dans les années 1980, des ouvriers coréens commencèrent à se rebeller contre leurs salaires de un dollar par jour et formèrent des syndicats afin de se battre pour de meilleures conditions, les hirondelles s'envolèrent à nouveau. Wallpaper! Entre 1987 et 1992, 30 000 emplois d'usine disparurent dans les zones franches industrielles de la Corée [. Page Apa Style! ]. The Yellow Wallpaper! Même histoire à Taïwan. Online! Les schémas d'itinérance des fabricants de Reebok sont clairement identifiés. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! En 1985, Reebok produisait presque toutes ses baskets en Corée du Sud et à Taïwan, et aucune en Indonésie et en Chine.

Dès 1995, presque toutes ces usines s'étaient envolées de la Corée et de Taïwan, et 60 pour cent des contrats de Reebok avaient atterri en Indonésie et en Chine. Paper Writing Help! (p. Wallpaper Essay! 271 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) En mai 1996, des activistes américains du travail découvrirent que [des vêtements de sport vendus chez Wal-Mart étaient confectionnés] au Honduras par des enfants et à New York par des travailleurs de sweatshops illégaux. Bibliography Page Apa Style! [. Essay Questions! ] Mickey dut révéler l'existence de ses sweatshops après qu'un entrepreneur pour Disney à Haïti eut été surpris à fabriquer des pyjamas Pocahontas dans des conditions si déplorables que les travailleuses devaient nourrir leurs bébés à l'eau sucrée. D'autres scandales éclatèrent après la diffusion par le réseau NBC d'une enquête sur Mattel et Disney, quelques jours seulement avant Noël 1996. Paper Writing Help Online! A l'aide de caméras cachées, le reporter révélait qu'en Indonésie et en Chine, des enfants travaillaient dans des conditions de quasi-esclavage. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! [. Be Justified! ] En juin 1996, le magazine Life provoqua d'autres vagues avec des photographies d'enfants pakistanais – l'air terriblement jeunes et payés la misère de 6 cents de l'heure – penchés sur des ballons de football qui portaient l'inévitable swoosh de Nike. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! Mais la marque Nike n'était pas la seule concernée. Essay! Adidas, Reebok, Umbro, Mitre et Brine, tous fabriquaient des ballons au Pakistan, où l'on estimait à 10 000 le nombre d'enfants au travail dans ses usines, dont beaucoup étaient vendus comme esclaves sous contrat à leurs employeurs, et marqués comme du bétail. Questions! [. Con On Uniforms! ] En mars 1996, le New York Times rapporta qu'après une grève risquée dans une usine javanaise, 22 travailleurs furent congédiés ; un homme, qui avait été désigné comme étant un des organisateurs, fut enfermé dans une pièce de l'usine et interrogé pendant sept jours par des soldats. The Yellow Wallpaper! [. Write On Pollution! ] Pour l'Amérique, la question devint évidente en août 1995, lorsque le Département américain du Travail procéda à une descente dans un complexe d'appartements d'El Monte, en Californie. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! Soixante-deux travailleuses thaïes du vêtement étaient détenues en esclavage et enchaînées, dont certaines depuis sept ans. Writing Help! Le propriétaire de l'usine était un protagoniste mineur de l'industrie, mais les vêtements que les femmes cousaient étaient vendus par des géants de la vente au détail, tels que Target, Sears et Nordstrom. Wallpaper Essay Questions! [. Pro And Con On School Uniforms! ] En février 1999, un nouveau rapport révéla que les travailleurs assemblant des vêtements Disney dans plusieurs usines chinoises gagnaient la misère de 13,5 cents de l'heure [. Wallpaper Essay! ]. En mai 1999, l'équipe de l'émission d'ABC 20/20 retourna à l'île Saipan et ramena des prises de vue de jeunes femmes enfermées dans des usines de sweatshops, cousant pour Gap, Tommy Hilfiger et Polo Ralph Lauren. Writing Help! (pp. The Yellow Essay Questions! 388-389 et 392 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud)

L'incendie de la Kader. [Au mois de mai 1993,] l'usine de jouets Kader, à Bangkok, fut détruite par le feu. Help Online! L'édifice constituait une souricière par excellence, et [. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! ] les flammes coururent à travers l'usine fermée à clé, tuant 188 travailleuses et en laissant 469 autres dans un état grave. Essays! L'incendie de la Kader fut le pire de l'histoire de l'industrie [. Wallpaper Essay Questions! ] [Six] mois après la Kader, un autre incendie dévastateur dans un sweatshop – à l'usine de jouets de Zhili, à Shenzhen, en Chine – [a] coûté la vie à 87 travailleurs. A l'époque, la communauté internationale n'eut pas l'air de bien saisir que les jouets que les femmes de la Kader avaient assemblés étaient destinés aux joyeuses allées de Toys'R'Us, à être emballés et placés sous des arbres de Noël en Europe, aux Etats-Unis et au Canada. Custom Paper! (pp.

393 et 395 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Le cri des travailleurs de sweatshops de Disney. Dans une lettre à Michael Eisner [PDG de Disney], [Kernaghan, directeur du National Labor Comittee] décrit une réaction typique : Avant de partir pour Haïti, je me suis rendu dans un magasin Wal-Mart de Long Island, et j'ai acheté plusieurs vêtements Disney fabriqués à Haïti. Essay Questions! Je les ai montrés à la foule de travailleurs, qui ont immédiatement reconnu les vêtements qu'ils avaient fabriqués. Wilkins! [. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! ] J'ai brandi un t-shirt Pocahontas de taille 4. Bibliography Page! Je leur ai montré l'étiquette Wal-Mart indiquant 10,97 dollars. The Yellow Essay Questions! Mais ce n'est que lorsque j'ai traduit ces 10,97 dollars en monnaie locale – 172,26 gourdes – que, d'un seul coup, à l'unisson, les travailleurs ont hurlé d'indignation, d'incrédulité, de colère, dans un mélange de douleur et de tristesse, les yeux fixés sur le t-shirt Pocahontas. Essay Be Justified! [. Questions! ] Chaque jour, ils travaillaient sur des centaines de t-shirts Disney. Burleigh Essay Can Terrorism! Et pourtant, le prix de vente d'un seul de ces t-shirts, aux Etats-Unis, équivalait pour eux à presque cinq journées de salaire ! L'instant où les travailleurs haïtiens de Disney poussèrent un cri d'incrédulité fut capté sur bande vidéo par l'un des collègues de Kernaghan, et inséré dans le documentaire Mickey Mouse Goes to the yellow wallpaper essay questions, Haiti , produit par le NLC.

Depuis lors, le documentaire a été montré dans des centaines d'écoles et de centres communautaires, en Amérique du Nord et en Europe, et de nombreux jeunes militants estiment que cette scène a joué un rôle crucial dans leur décision de participer à la lutte mondiale contre les sweatshops. Write! (p. Essay! 416 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Les multinationales se fixent des codes de bonne conduite. Dès que des multinationales telles que Nike, Shell, Mattel et Gap ont cessé de nier l'existence d'exactions commises sur leurs sites de production et d'extraction de ressources, elles se sont mises à rédiger chartes de principes, codes d'éthique, notes de service exaltant leur ouverture d'esprit, et autres signes de bonne volonté qui ne les liaient absolument pas sur le plan juridique. Annotated Bibliography Cover Page Apa Style! [. Wallpaper! ] Si un client fouineur voulait savoir comment avaient été fabriqués tel ou tel produit, le service des relations publiques se contentait de lui envoyer un exemplaire du code [. Annotated Cover! ]. Quand on essay prend connaissance de ces codes, il est difficile de ne pas se laisser emporter par l'idéalisme exalté qu'ils véhiculent. Essay! Ces documents renvoient à leur lecteur l'image d'une innocence parfaite [. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! ] et on pro and uniforms essays peut bien excuser le lecteur de se demander, ne serait-ce qu'un instant, s'il ne s'agit pas tout simplement, comme l'affirment les compagnies, d'un grave malentendu, d'une crise de communication [. Essay! ]. Les codes de conduite sont d'une redoutable subtilité.

A la différence des lois, ils ne sont pas applicables. Paper Help Online! Et à la différence des contrats syndicaux, ils n'ont pas été rédigés en collaboration avec des administrateurs d'usine pour répondre aux exigences et aux besoins des employés. The Yellow Questions! Tous, sans exception, ont été rédigés par des services de communication, du côté de New York et de San Francisco, au lendemain immédiat d'une embarrassante enquête médiatique : le code Wal-Mart arriva après que l'on eut appris que ses usines du Bangladesh faisaient appel au travail des enfants ; le code Disney suivit les révélations à propos d'Haïti ; Levi's élabora sa politique après le scandale du travail des prisonniers. Write An Essay On Pollution! Leur premier but n'était pas de réformer, mais de museler les associations de surveillance des usines à l'étranger, ainsi que suggéra à ses clients Alan Rolnick, avocat de l'Association américaine des fabricants de vêtements. Essay! [. Bibliography Page! ] Lorsqu'il devint clair que la futilité de ces codes de conduite n'était en rien susceptible de faire taire le mécontentement (et l'avait peut-être même exacerbé), plusieurs multinationales passèrent à une variété plus avancée de code d'entreprise [puisque certains] furent rédigés en collaboration avec des associations de défense des droits de l'homme ou des experts occidentaux en investissement responsable. Wallpaper Essay! (pp. Bibliography Apa Style! 501-502 et 504 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) L'aïeule des actions menées contre des marques est le boycott de Nestlé, lequel connut son apogée à la fin des années 1970. Questions! L'entreprise suisse s'était retrouvée sur la sellette pour avoir agressivement vendu un coûteux substitut, plus sûr, au lait maternel pour les nourrissons du Tiers-Monde. An Essay! [. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! Le] problème n'avait pas vraiment attiré l'attention avant que la société alimentaire n'eût commis l'erreur de poursuivre en justice un groupe de militants suisses [. Essay! ] en 1976. The Yellow! [. Write An Essay On Pollution! Le] procès qui s'ensuivit plaça Nestlé sous les feux d'un examen scrupuleux qui aboutit à une campagne internationale de boycottage, lancée en 1977. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! (p. Cia Admissions Essay! 397 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud)

Pepsi et la Birmanie. [Des] membres du Public Interest Research Group [. Essay! ] – un réseau d'organisations universitaires de justice sociale répandu à travers toute l'Amérique du Nord – découvrirent que PepsiCo produisait et vendait des boissons gazeuses en Birmanie [. Paper Help! Ils] firent passer une note à propos de l'implication de Pepsi en Birmanie sur quelques forums électroniques portant sur les questions étudiantes. Wallpaper Essay! Peu à peu, d'autres universités dont Pepsi était la boisson officielle commencèrent à demander plus d'informations. Essays! [. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! ] En conséquence de quoi, en avril 1996, Harvard rejeta un contrat pour distributeurs de un million de dollars avec Pepsi, invoquant les investissements de la compagnie en Birmanie. Writing! Stanford coûta à Pepsi environ 800 000 dollars lorsqu'une pétition signée par 2 000 étudiants bloqua la construction d'un restaurant Taco Bell, filiale de Pepsi. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! [. Annotated Bibliography Apa Style! ] Après que les boycotts des campus eurent atteint les pages du New York Times , Pepsi vendit les actions qu'elle possédait dans une usine d'embouteillage incriminée en Birmanie, dont le propriétaire, Thien Tun, avait publiquement réclamé que le mouvement démocratique de Suu Kyi soit ostracisé et écrasé. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! [. Be Justified! ] Face aux pressions continuelles, Pepsi finit par annoncer son désengagement total de la Birmanie, le 24 janvier 1997. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! (pp. Burleigh Wilkins Essay Can Terrorism Be Justified! 471-472 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Birmanie : Un boycott efficace. . The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! suivi d'une contre-attaque victorieuse des multinationales. Bien entendu, plusieurs compagnies ont cédé devant les exigences des militants des droits de l'homme. An Essay! Depuis que le Massachusetts a adopté sa loi sur la Birmanie, en juin 1996, la dictature a connu un exode des grandes multinationales : Eastman Kodak, Hewlett-Packard, Philips Electronics, Apple Computer et Texaco. Wallpaper Questions! [. Term! ] Une coalition de sociétés, dont des investisseurs clés en Birmanie, tel Unocal, ou des investisseurs au Nigeria, comme Mobil, s'est formée [. Wallpaper Questions! ] pour lancer un assaut en règle contre les ententes locales d'achat sélectif [en clair : le boycott]. Bibliography Cover Apa Style! En avril 1997, [cette coalition] a constitué USA*Engage, qui prétend représenter plus de 670 sociétés et associations commerciales. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! Son but explicite est de lutter collectivement contre ces lois [d'achat sélectif].

A cette fin, USA*Engage a établi une liste de surveillance [. Bibliography Cover Apa Style! ] afin de surveiller toutes les villes et Etats ayant adopté des accords d'achat sélectif, ou les collectivités qui envisagent de les adopter [. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! ]. Write An Essay On Pollution! Le lobbying agressif des membres de USA*Engage a déjà réussi à mettre en pièces un projet de loi sur le Nigeria qui était sur le point d'être adopté par l'Etat du Maryland (en mars 1998) ; et la société Unocal [. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! ] a réussi à convaincre [. Custom Paper! ] l'Etat de Californie de ne pas adopter de loi sur la Birmanie, comme l'avait fait le Massachusetts. Les attaques sont également venues de loin. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! Agissant au nom de multinationales établies en Europe, l'Union Européenne a officiellement défié la Loi du Massachusetts sur la Birmanie au sein de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce. Cia Admissions Essay! Elle prétend que la loi violerait une réglementation de l'OMC interdisant que les achats gouvernementaux soient effectués sur une base politique. Wallpaper Essay Questions! [. Burleigh Essay! ] En avril 1998, le National Foreign Trade Council [la coalition dont il est question plus haut] intenta une action auprès du tribunal [. Wallpaper Essay! ] pour déclarer inconstitutionnelle la Loi du Massachusetts sur la Birmanie. Essay! Le NFTC prétendait que la loi du Massachusetts sur la Birmanie constitue une ingérence directe dans le pouvoir souverain du gouvernement national concernant la politique étrangère [et] établit une discrimination envers les sociétés engagées dans le commerce à l'étranger [. The Yellow Essay Questions! ]. Write! [. Wallpaper! ] Et, en novembre 1998, le NFTC l'emporta : le tribunal jugeait inconstitutionnelle la Loi du Massachusetts sur la Birmanie, parce qu'elle défie d'une façon inadmissible le pouvoir du gouvernement fédéral de réglementer les affaires étrangères [Associated Press, 5 novembre 1998]. Term Paper! (pp. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! 483 à 485 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) La loi donne encore raison aux multinationales dans l'affaire Shell contre Vancouver. En 1989, vers la fin du boycott de l'apartheid, Vancouver adopta une résolution d'achat sélectif interdisant l'usage de l'essence Shell dans ses véhicules municipaux, en raison des relations controversées de la compagnie avec l'Afrique du Sud. Burleigh! [. Wallpaper Essay! ] Mais Shell Canada décida d'attaquer en justice la Ville de Vancouver pour discrimination. Essays! L'affaire traîna pendant presque cinq ans et, en février 1994, la Cour suprême du Canada statua, à cinq voix contre quatre, en faveur de Shell. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! Le juge John Sopinka écrivit que le conseil avait en effet fait preuve de discrimination à l'encontre de Shell [. Cia Admissions Essay! ]. Essay Questions! (p. Wilkins Essay Can Terrorism Be Justified! 487 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud)

51 multinationales parmi les 100 premières économies mondiales. Nous connaissons tous les statistiques : des sociétés comme Shell et Wal-Mart jouissent de budgets plus élevés que le produit intérieur brut de la plupart des pays ; sur les 100 premières économies mondiales, 51 sont des multinationales et seulement 49 sont des pays. The Yellow Wallpaper! (p. Essay! 401 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) 1986 : Abolition de la commission des Nations Unies sur les transnationales. Un revers important survint en 1986, quand le gouvernement américain réussit à abolir la discrète Commission des Nations Unies sur les sociétés transnationales. Wallpaper Questions! Lancée au milieu des années 1970, la commission avait entrepris d'élaborer un code de conduite universel pour les multinationales. Cover! Son objectif était d'empêcher les abus commerciaux, tel le déversement dans le Tiers-Monde, par des sociétés, de drogues illégales en Occident ; d'examiner l'impact sur le plan écologique et humain des zones franches industrielles et de l'extraction des ressources ; et d'inciter le secteur privé à une plus grande transparence et à une plus grande responsabilité. Wallpaper Questions! [. Custom Paper! ] Dès le départ, l'industrie américaine s'opposa à sa création et, dans l'obsession maniaque de la guerre froide, elle parvint à assurer le retrait de son gouvernement, sous prétexte que la commission était un complot communiste et un organe d'espionnage des Soviets. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! (pp. Be Justified! 403-404 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud)

Syndicaliste chez McDo ? [En] 1994, lors d'une campagne de syndicalisation en France, 10 cadres de McDonald's furent arrêtés pour infraction aux lois sur le travail et aux droits syndicaux. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! [. Term Paper! ] En 1997, alors que les employés du Wal-Mart et de Windsor, en Ontario, se préparaient à voter pour ou contre la syndicalisation, la direction émit intentionnellement une série de signes incitant de nombreux travailleurs à croire que s'ils votaient pour, le magasin fermerait. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! [. Cia Admissions! ] D'autres chaînes ont recouru sans hésiter à des menaces de fermeture. The Yellow! En 1997, Starbucks décida de fermer son usine de distribution de Vancouver après que les travailleurs se furent syndiqués. Annotated Page! En février 1998, au moment même où l'accréditation syndicale d'un McDonald's de la région de Montréal était soumise à la Commission du travail du Québec, le propriétaire de la franchise ferma le restaurant. The Yellow Wallpaper! [. Wilkins Can Terrorism Be Justified! ] Six mois plus tard, les employés d'un autre McDonald's [. Questions! ], en Colombie-Britannique, [. Burleigh! ] furent autorisés à se syndiquer. Wallpaper Essay Questions! [. Can Terrorism Be Justified! ] Le restaurant demeure ouvert, et c'est le seul McDonald's syndiqué de toute l'Amérique du Nord, mais au moment où ces lignes étaient écrites, la société tentait de faire annuler l'accréditation du syndicat. Essay! (pp. Pro And School Uniforms Essays! 289-290 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Plus que tout autre commerce, Starbucks est précurseur dans l'art moderne de l'horaire souple. The Yellow Questions! La compagnie a créé un logiciel appelé Star Labor, qui donne au siège social un contrôle maximal, à la minute près, sur les horaires des commis. An Essay! [. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! ] Comme l'explique Laurie Bonang [employée chez Starbucks] : Ils vous donnent un niveau de compétence arbitraire, de un à neuf, ils entrent vos disponibilités, le temps que vous avez déjà passé là, les heures de pointe où ils ont besoin de plus de personnel, et l'ordinateur vous crache votre horaire. Essay! [. The Yellow! ] Wal-Mart a adopté un système d'horaires tout aussi centralisé, qui réduit les heures des employés en les faisant concorder précisément avec la fréquentation du magasin. Bibliography Cover Page! [. Wallpaper Questions! ] Malgré des profits de un milliard de dollars en 1996, UPS comptait 58 pour cent de travailleurs à temps partiel, et avait rapidement recours à une main d'œuvre encore plus flexible. Cia Admissions Essay! [. The Yellow Questions! ] Pour la compagnie de messagerie, ce système fonctionnait à merveille, lui permettant de gérer les pics et les creux de son cycle de travail puisque la collecte et la livraison du courrier se font principalement le matin et le soir. Paper Help! (pp. Essay Questions! 292-293 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud)

A propos de son ancien emploi, qui impliquait l'embauche de stagiaires non rémunérés pour envoyer des fax et faire des courses pour le magazine Men's Journal , Jim Frederick fait remarquer qu'un grand nombre de ses candidats avaient déjà travaillé à l'œil pour Interview , CBS News, MTV, The Village Voice , et ainsi de suite. Term Paper! [. The Yellow Essay Questions! ] Bien entendu, ces conglomérats [. Essay! ] prétendent offrir généreusement à des jeunes une précieuse expérience dans le difficile marché de l'emploi – un pied dans la place, selon le bon vieux modèle de l'apprentissage. The Yellow Essay! [. Paper Help Online! ] MTV, aux Etats-Unis, et MuchMusic, au Canada, figurent parmi les compagnies qui abusent outrageusement du système de stages non rémunérés, surtout si l'on considère les énormes bénéfices dont elles se targuent. Wallpaper Questions! [. Term Paper! ] Les principales dépenses sont affectées aux présentateurs, soutenus par quelques réalisateurs et techniciens et, bien entendu, par les stagiaires non rémunérés. The Yellow Essay! L'objet de ces stages reste souvent obscur : à coup sûr, des jeunes n'ont aucune chance ou presque de décrocher un emploi dans une station de vidéoclips, puisqu'il y en a très peu. Write An Essay! Là interviennent les légendaires réussites – le célèbre présentateur de vidéoclips qui a commencé par répondre au téléphone, ou l'histoire de la plus grande réussite de stagiaire entre toutes : celle de Rick l'intérimaire. Wallpaper Essay Questions! En 1996, Rick remporta le concours annuel Devenez intérimaire à MuchMusic [. Wilkins! ]. Wallpaper Essay! Un an custom term paper, plus tard, Rick était à l'écran, dans son nouvel emploi de présentateur de vidéoclips [. Questions! ]. Help Online! Trois ans plus tard, Rick interviewait pour la télé les Backstreet Boys, Hanson ou All Saints [. Wallpaper! ]. Bibliography Cover Page! (pp. The Yellow Essay Questions! 294 à 296 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Intérim : quelques chiffres.

Aux Etats-Unis, l'utilisation [de la main d'œuvre intérimaire] a augmenté de 400 pour cent depuis 1982 [. Wilkins Can Terrorism! ]. Wallpaper! Depuis 1992, les revenus des sociétés d'intérim américaines ont augmenté d'environ 20 pour cent par année [. Bibliography Cover Page! ]. La France [. Wallpaper Questions! ] est en deuxième position, après les Etats-Unis, dans le recours aux intérimaires [. Custom! ]. Essay Questions! Et, bien que le travail intérimaire en France ne représente que 2 pour cent du total des emplois, 86 pour cent des nouvelles embauches sont des contrats à durée déterminée, selon Martine Aubry, ministre du Travail. Paper! (pp. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! 296-297 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) [Les] salaires des travailleurs intérimaires aux Etats-Unis ont baissé, en moyenne, de 14,7 pour cent entre 1989 et 1994. Write! (p. The Yellow Wallpaper! 305 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Des intérimaires chez Microsoft. [En 1990,] le fisc américain a contesté la classification [d'entrepreneurs indépendants] que Microsoft attribuait [à une certaine catégorie d'intérimaires], estimant que ces gens étaient bel et bien des employés de Microsoft et que la compagnie devrait s'acquitter de charges patronales. Cia Admissions! [. The Yellow Wallpaper! ] En juillet 1997, [. Page Apa Style! ] une Cour d'appel de 11 juges estima que les pigistes étaient des employés au sens de la common law et qu'ils avaient droit au programme d'allocations de la compagnie, à son fonds de retraite et à son régime de stock-options. [La réponse de Microsoft fut] de s'appliquer d'une façon plus soutenue à marginaliser les intérimaires. Wallpaper Essay Questions! [Maintenant, lors de l'embauche,] Microsoft repère [. Cia Admissions Essay! ] les candidats potentiels, fait passer les entrevues et fait son choix ; puis, les futurs employés doivent s'inscrire dans l'une des cinq agences de personnel qui ont conclu des accords spéciaux avec la compagnie. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! Les intérimaires sont alors embauchés par l'agence qui joue le rôle d'employeur officiel, réduit les salaires, retient les impôts à la source et accorde le plus souvent des avantages sociaux [réduits] à leur plus simple expression. Burleigh Essay Be Justified! [. The Yellow! ] Pour que les intérimaires ne soient plus jamais confondus avec les véritables travailleurs de Microsoft, ils ne participent plus aux réceptions de la compagnie, et sont privés de soirées pizzas et autres fêtes. An Essay On Pollution! En juin 1998, la société mit en place une nouvelle règle obligeant les intérimaires en poste depuis plus d'un an the yellow essay, à prendre 31 jours de vacances avant d'assumer un autre poste temporaire. Bibliography! (pp. The Yellow! 300-301 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud)

Le salaire des PDG. [Les] salaires des P.D.G. Paper Help Online! ont décuplé durant les années d'implacables mises à pied. Essay! Ira T. Writing! Kay, auteur de CEO Pay and wallpaper essay questions, Shareholder Value (Salaire des P.D.G. Custom Term Paper! et valeur des actionnaires), souligne dans un article du Wall Street Journal que le salaire exorbitant que versent les sociétés américaines à leurs P.D.G. Wallpaper Essay! est un facteur crucial qui rend l'économie américaine plus concurrentielle dans le monde parce que, sans ces primes appétissantes, les chefs d'entreprises n'auraient pas la motivation économique nécessaire pour affronter les décisions administratives, telles les mises à pied. Writing Online! [. The Yellow Wallpaper! Aux Etats-Unis], selon la centrale syndicale AFL-CIO, les P.D.G. Cia Admissions! des 30 sociétés ayant annoncé les plus nombreuses mises à pied ont vu leurs salaires, primes et compensations à long terme augmenter de 67,3 pour cent. The Yellow! (p. Custom Term! 306 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Pour un droit de réponse aux publicités. Les rues sont des espaces publics [. Essay Questions! ], et puisque la plupart des résidents ne peuvent se permettre d'entraver les messages des grandes sociétés en achetant leurs propres annonces, ils devraient avoir le droit de répondre à des images qu'ils n'ont jamais demandé de voir. Pro And Con On! (p. Questions! 334 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Ces personnes qui ont refusé de faire de la pub.

Le groupe engagé britannique Chumbawamba refusa un contrat de 1,5 million de dollars qui aurait permis à Nike d'utiliser son tube Tubthumping dans un message publicitaire de la Coupe du monde de football [. Custom! ] ; au centre du rejet résidait la question de l'utilisation de main-d'œuvre de sweatshops par Nike. The Yellow Essay Questions! On a tous refusé en moins de 30 secondes, dit Alice Nutter, membre du groupe. Le poète engagé Martin Espada reçut lui aussi un appel de l'une des [. Wilkins Can Terrorism Be Justified! ] agences de Nike [. Wallpaper! ]. Essay! Espada refusa tout net, déclinant une foule de raisons dont celle-ci, la dernière : En définitive, cependant, je rejette votre offre pour protester contre les pratiques brutales de travail de la compagnie. Essay! Je ne m'associerai pas à une entreprise qui s'engage dans l'exploitation bien connue d'ouvriers de sweatshops. School Essays! [. Essay Questions! ] [En] mai 1999, [. Annotated! Nike] approcha Ralph Nader – le plus puissant leader du mouvement de défense des consommateurs, héros populaire depuis ses attaques contre les multinationales – en lui demandant de participer à une pub de Nike. The Yellow! L'idée était simple : Nader allait recevoir 25 000 dollars pour tenir une Nike Air 120 en disant : Message de Nike, voici une autre tentative éhontée de vendre des chaussures. Cia Admissions Essay! (pp. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! 358-359 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Ken Saro-Wiwa, exécuté pour avoir mené campagne contre Shell. [L']événement le plus significatif de la montée du militantisme contre les grandes sociétés survint en 1995, lorsque le monde perdit Ken Saro-Wiwa. Page Apa Style! L'éminent écrivain et leader écologiste nigérian fut emprisonné par le régime oppressif de son pays pour avoir mené la campagne des Ogonis contre les effets dévastateurs, sur l'homme et l'environnement, du forage pétrolier de la Royal Dutch/Shell dans le delta du Niger. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! Les associations des droits de l'homme se regroupèrent pour que leurs gouvernements interviennent, et certaines sanctions économiques furent imposées, sans guère d'effets.

En novembre 1995, Saro-Wiwa et huit autres activistes ogonis furent exécutés par un gouvernement militaire qui s'était enrichi avec l'argent du pétrole de Shell et de la répression contre son propre peuple. Paper! (p. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! 392 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Une citation de George Orwell. La publicité, c'est le bruit d'un bâton dans une auge à pâtée pour les porcs. Help! (George Orwell, cité p. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! 360 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Conseil aux publicitaires. Helen Woodward, influente rédactrice publicitaire des années 1920, [conseilla] à ses collègues : Quand vous faites la publicité d'un produit, n'allez jamais voir l'usine dans laquelle il a été fabriqué. Uniforms Essays! Ne regardez pas les gens au travail. The Yellow Wallpaper! car, voyez-vous, lorsque vous savez la vérité sur quoi que ce soit, la vraie, l'intime vérité – il est très difficile de produire les propos frivoles et superficiels qui servent à le vendre. Pro And Essays! (pp. Essay Questions! 407-408 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud)

Quelques chiffres sur Nike, Disney et celles/ceux qui travaillent pour eux. [Il] faudrait que l'ensemble des 50 000 travailleurs de la Yue Yuen Nike Factory, en Chine, travaillent pendant 19 ans pour gagner ce que Nike dépense annuellement en publicité. Burleigh Can Terrorism Be Justified! [. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! ] Michael Eisner, P.D.G. Write An Essay On Pollution! de Disney gagne 9 793 dollars l'heure, tandis qu'un travailleur haïtien gagne 28 cents l'heure ; il faudrait à un travailleur haïtien 16,8 années pour gagner le revenu horaire d'Eisner ; les 181 millions de dollars en stock option d'Eisner en 1996 permettraient d'entretenir ses 19 000 travailleurs haïtiens et leurs familles pendant 14 ans. Wallpaper Essay Questions! (pp. On Pollution! 414-415 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) Greenpeace contre McDonald's : Le procès McLibel. Le dépliant en cause fut publié pour la première fois en 1986 par Greenpeace Londres [. Essay! ]. Custom Paper! Il constituait l'un des premiers exemples d'intégration de l'ensemble des problèmes sociaux : l'épuisement des forêts tropicales (pour l'élevage du bétail), la pauvreté dans le Tiers-Monde ([. Questions! ] expulsion des paysans de leurs fermes [remplacés] par des cultures destinées à l'exportation dans le cadre des besoins en bétail de McDonald's), la cruauté envers les animaux (le traitement du bétail), la production de déchets (l'invasion de l'emballage jetable), la santé (les aliments gras et frits), les mauvaises conditions de travail (la politique des salaires faibles et le démantèlement des syndicats [. Paper Writing Help! ]) et la publicité fondée sur l'exploitation (des enfants coeur de cible chez McDonald's). Lorsque McDonald's assigna en justice cinq activistes de Greenpeace, en 1990, pour répondre du contenu du dépliant désormais célèbre, trois d'entre eux firent ce que feraient la plupart des gens s'ils étaient confrontés à la perspective de s'opposer à une société pesant 11 milliards de dollars : ils présentèrent leurs excuses.

La compagnie avait longtemps utilisé cette stratégie avec succès. The Yellow Essay Questions! [. Custom Term Paper! ] Pendant 313 journées en cour – le plus long procès de l'histoire de l'Angleterre –, un postier au chômage (Morris) et une jardinière engagée dans le travail communautaire (Steel) partirent en guerre contre les cadres supérieurs du plus grand empire alimentaire du monde. Tout au long du procès, Steel et Morris argumentèrent méticuleusement sur les affirmations du tract, une à une, à l'aide d'experts nutritionnistes et environnementaux et en prenant appui sur des études scientifiques. Wallpaper Essay Questions! Avec 180 témoins appelés à la barre, la société subit humiliation sur humiliation, à mesure que le tribunal entendait des récits d'empoisonnements alimentaires, d'heures supplémentaires non rémunérées, de recyclages bidon et d'espions commerciaux envoyés pour infiltrer les rangs de Greenpeace Londres. Essay! Lors d'un incident particulièrement révélateur, des cadres de McDonald's furent mis au défi de démontrer la validité de l'affirmation selon laquelle la société servait des aliments nourrissants : David Green, premier vice-président, marketing, fit valoir l'opinion que le Coca-Cola était nourrissant parce qu'il fournit de l'eau, et je crois que cela fait partie d'un régime équilibré. The Yellow Essay Questions! Au cours d'une autre discussion embarrassante, Ed Oakley, cadre chez McDonald's, expliqua à Steel que les ordures de McDonald's empilées dans des sites d'enfouissement constituaient un avantage, sinon on pro and con on school uniforms essays se retrouverait avec pas mal de carrières de gravier inutilisées dans tout le pays.

Le 19 juin 1997, le juge finit par rendre son verdict. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! [. Pro And Uniforms Essays! ] Parmi les éléments de décision en faveur de Steel et de Morris, on essay pouvait relever le fait que McDonald's exploite des enfants en les utilisant, puisqu'ils sont plus influençables par la publicité ; que la manière dont la compagnie traite certains animaux est cruelle ; que la société est antisyndicale et verse des salaires faibles ; que sa gestion peut être autocratique et largement injuste ; et qu'un régime régulier de nourriture McDonald's contribue à augmenter les risques de maladies cardiaques. Writing Help Online! Steel et Morris reçurent l'ordre de verser à McDonald's des dommages de l'ordre de 95 490 dollars. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions! Mais en mars 1999, un juge de la Cour d'appel [. Cover! ] restreignit néanmoins le montant des dommages à 61 300 dollars. The Yellow Essay Questions! McDonald's n'a jamais tenté de réclamer son règlement et a décidé de surseoir à toute demande d'injonction afin de mettre un terme à la diffusion du tract. Write An Essay! [. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! Avant] que McDonald's ne décide de l'attaquer en justice, la campagne de Greenpeace Londres s'essoufflait et quelques centaines d'exemplaires du tract brûlot avaient été distribués. Can Terrorism Be Justified! Désormais traduit en 26 langues, le texte est devenu l'un des plus demandés du cyberespace. The Yellow Essay! (pp. Burleigh Wilkins Essay Can Terrorism Be Justified! 454 à 458 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud)

Boycott : Berkeley, ville modèle. Au cours des quatre dernières années, le conseil municipal de Berkeley a adopté une si grande quantité de résolutions de boycott – contre des sociétés faisant des affaires en Birmanie, au Nigeria, au Tibet ; des sociétés associées à l'industrie de l'armement ou à l'énergie nucléaire – que la conseillère Polly Armstrong lança pour plaisanter : Nous devrons bientôt effectuer nos propres forages pétroliers en mer. The Yellow Essay! Il est vrai qu'entre les résolutions sur le Nigeria et la Birmanie, et ayant suivi le naufrage de l' Exxon Valdez , le conseil s'interdit de recourir à toutes les grandes sociétés pétrolières et dès lors est obligé d'alimenter ses ambulances et ses véhicules de nettoyage urbain avec du gaz provenant de l'obscure Golden Gate Petroleum Company. Cia Admissions! Berkeley, qui avait interdit les distributeurs municipaux Pepsi à cause de l'investissement de la compagnie en Birmanie, a renoué avec elle après qu'elle eut rompu ses liens avec Rangoon, avant de décider de boycotter Coca-Cola en raison de son implication au Nigeria. The Yellow Questions! (pp. Writing! 482-483 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud) La mondialisation : une autre forme de colonisation.

La mondialisation, ça n'a rien de nouveau. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions! Nous l'avons toujours eue, la mondialisation, intervint Arnel Salvador, un [. Con On Uniforms! ] organisateur du [Centre d'assistance aux travailleurs, une association fondée pour soutenir le droit des travailleurs d'usines de lutter pour de meilleures conditions]. Essay Questions! Les investisseurs étrangers [. Writing! ] font partie de la longue et amère histoire de la colonisation aux Philippines : les espagnols y arrivèrent en conquérants, les Américains y établirent des bases militaires et firent de la prostitution adolescente l'une des plus grandes industries du pays. The Yellow! Maintenant que le colonialisme est mort et enterré, l'armée américaine s'est retirée et les nouveaux impérialistes sont les entrepreneurs taïwanais et coréens des zones franches industrielles, qui harcèlent sexuellement des Philippines de 18 ans aux chaînes d'assemblage. Online! [. Wallpaper Essay Questions! ] Pour Arnel Salvador [. Wilkins Can Terrorism Be Justified! ], les joies tant vantées de la mondialisation économique reviendraient plus ou moins au même : le patron a tout simplement troqué son uniforme militaire pour un complet italien et un portable Ericsson. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay! (pp. Burleigh Be Justified! 513-514 de No Logo par Naomi Klein – 2001 – Actes Sud)

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narritive essay So, your professor just gave you a new assignment, and essay it looks like an custom term, interesting topic. The problem is you don’t know how to write a narrative essay. Relax (but don’t procrastinate)! Narrative essays are actually pretty fun to write. What’s more, they don’t usually require much research since they are typically based on the yellow wallpaper questions your life experiences. All that said, there are some important rules to follow. Write On Pollution. This blog post will tell you all about narrative essays and teach you how to write a narrative essay that stands out. Narration is writing that tells a story. Wallpaper. A good way to annotated cover page, wrap your mind around a narrative is to think about how a narrator in a film presents a scene.

He tells the the yellow wallpaper, story from a particular perspective, giving a detailed account of what happened. Consider the narration in this clip from essay can terrorism How the Grinch Stole Christmas : So, how is the wallpaper essay, narrator’s recounting of the burleigh essay, Grinch’s failure to steal Christmas related to learning how to wallpaper questions, write a narrative essay? As the burleigh wilkins be justified, narrator in your essay, you set the questions, scene and tell the story from your viewpoint, giving a detailed report of school uniforms essays events. Chances are, you narrate stories every day. I mean, didn’t you just tell your friend all about that funny thing that happened in class earlier? You know how to narrate. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions. So, writing a narrative essay should be easy, right?

Well, hold on, it’s not that simple. One of the challenges with writing narrative essays is essay that you often have to distill a complex story into wallpaper essay questions a limited (and to-the-point) number of an essay words. At the same time, you have to garner enough interest to keep the reader engaged in your story. Anyone can tell a story, but not everyone can tell a story that captures an audience. It’s important to keep some rules in mind as you learn how to write a narrative essay. The best way to learn how to write a narrative essay is to see an example.

I’m going to pretend that I’m the character Rudy (from the 1993 film Rudy ), and I’m going to wallpaper questions, write a narrative essay about something that happened in my (Rudy’s) life. First, watch this clip from the film: Now, I will write a sample narrative essay, as if this clip were based on my experience. Bibliography Page. Just as with a true narrative essay, my memory of the essay, experience may be slightly different than the reality of the experience. You always have some creative license with narrative essays–whether they are fictional or not. Read this sample essay first, and write on pollution then I’ll break it down into its elements: A janitor changed my life. I was at a low point, ready to quit everything–even when I had it all. I didn’t realize how lucky I was. At 5 foot nothing, 100 and questions nothing pounds, I was hardly your typical football player. But, that didn’t stop me from believing that I could play for Notre Dame.

It turns out, the most important part of annotated bibliography achieving my dreams is believing in myself. After two years of trying hard to prove that I was worthy of playing, I found out that I hadn’t made the wallpaper questions, dress list for our kickoff game.After fighting to be on the team and sweating through every practice, I was going to sit on the bench…again. So, I decided to an essay on pollution, call it quits. Who was I to think that I deserved anything better than working at the steel plant, just like my father and my brothers? If that life was good enough for them, why wasn’t it good enough for me? As I stood there in section five, staring out at the empty stadium, I thought of how proud my dad would have been to see me out there on the field playing for wallpaper essay questions the team we both loved so much. I felt so stupid. I wasn’t a football player. I was a bench warmer… nothing more.

That’s when the team janitor found me standing there. “Hey,” he said. “Don’t you have to paper writing help online, be at practice?” “Not anymore,” I said, annoyed. “I quit.” “Why’d you quit? You don’t seem like the essay questions, quitting type.”

“I don’t know,” I said. “I just don’t see the point anymore.” In that moment, the annotated page, janitor reminded me of everything I had already achieved. Against all odds, I had stuck with the team for two years, and I was going to graduate with a degree from Notre Dame. What he said next drove his point home. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions. He said, “In this lifetime, you don’t have to paper, prove nothin’ to nobody except yourself.”

He had a point. The Yellow Essay Questions. I had already proven myself to everyone except for me. If I didn’t believe in myself… who would ever believe in me? Thanks to the janitor’s wisdom, I eventually played my first–and only–game that season, and I proved to myself that I can achieve anything I set my mind to. Okay, now let’s pick this thing apart. In the cia admissions essay, following section, I’ve highlighted certain concepts from my sample narrative essay in wallpaper questions different colors. Their explanations follow.

A janitor changed my life. I was at a low point, ready to quit everything–even when I had it all. I didn’t realize how lucky I was. At 5 foot nothing, 100 and nothing pounds, I was hardly your typical football player. But, that didn’t stop me from an essay on pollution believing that I could play for the yellow wallpaper essay questions Notre Dame. It turns out, the most important part of achieving my dreams is believing in annotated bibliography apa style myself.

Let’s break it down. Start with a strong hook . Just as with any other form of writing, your first paragraph should start with a strong hook. The sentence, “ a janitor changed my life ,” sets up the story with a bold statement meant to capture the attention of the yellow wallpaper questions my readers. The goal is to write an essay on pollution, make readers ask, “How did a janitor change your life? What happened?”For more information on hook sentences, read my blog post, “How to Write Good HookSentences.” Set the scene . In this section of the yellow wallpaper essay my first paragraph, I set the scene. I give the reader some context for my story (I was at a low point. I was a struggling football player for Notre Dame… etc.). Define the purpose . Have you ever heard anyone talk on writing help and on wallpaper essay questions about something without making a point? This is burleigh wilkins essay a common trap for writers attempting a narrative essay. A good narrative essay has a purpose: perhaps you learned a hard lesson, or perhaps you transformed into a more mature person. Whatever the wallpaper questions, case, that purpose should be stated in the first paragraph.

In the example narrative, my purpose is to burleigh wilkins essay can terrorism, make the point that “ the most important part of achieving my dreams is believing in myself .” As you can see, the the yellow wallpaper essay, first paragraph is burleigh be justified critical to setting up a good story. Now, let’s talk about the yellow wallpaper questions what goes on in your body paragraphs. After two years of trying hard to prove that I was worthy of playing, I found out write that I hadn’t made the dress list for our kickoff game. After fighting to be on the yellow questions the team and sweating through every practice , I was going to sit on burleigh can terrorism the bench…again. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions. So, I decided to call it quits. Who was I to think that I deserved anything better than working at the steel plant, just like my father and my brothers? If that life was good enough for them, why wasn’t it good enough for me? As I stood there in section five, staring out at the empty stadium , I thought of how proud my dad would have been to see me out there on the field playing for the team we both loved so much. I felt so stupid. I wasn’t a football player.

I was a bench warmer… nothing more. That’s when the pro and school essays, team janitor found me standing there. “Hey,” he said. “Don’t you have to be at practice?” “Not anymore,” I said, annoyed . The Yellow Essay Questions. “I quit.” “Why’d you quit? You don’t seem like the quitting type.” “I don’t know,” I said. “I just don’t see the point anymore .” In that moment, the janitor reminded me of everything I had already achieved.

Against all odds, I had stuck with the team for two years, and custom term I was going to graduate with a degree from Notre Dame. What he said next drove his point home. The Yellow Essay. He said, “In this lifetime, you don’t have to prove nothin’ to pro and con on school uniforms, nobody except yourself.” Let’s break it down. Use vivid and appropriate detail . The goal here is to the yellow wallpaper essay, recreate the story for your reader just like it happened. Make the story vivid and full of detail. Uniforms. Note, however, that this is not a descriptive essay, so only include the the yellow wallpaper, details that matter most to your story . Use dialogue . Sometimes, a great story can’t be told without dialogue.

It’s definitely okay to incorporate dialogue, as necessary, especially if it’s a natural part of your story.In my sample essay, the custom term, conversation with the janitor is critical to essay questions, the story, so including the write an essay, dialogue from this interaction is the yellow questions appropriate. Write chronologically . It’s a smart idea to annotated bibliography page apa style, write in chronological order, especially if you are an inexperienced writer. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay. What happened first, next, and write last?This will help you to stay true to the yellow, your story and not wander. In this sample, I focus on bibliography the sequence of events that led me to my moment of truth, how the janitor talked me into staying on the team, and the yellow essay questions how this changed my perspective on life. Cia Admissions. Maintain consistency in wallpaper essay narration . In this example narrative essay, I chose to write in the first-person narrative voice and in the past tense.I chose first person because I was telling a story that happened to me (remember, I’m pretending to be Rudy in this sample). I chose past tense because I’m telling a story that happened in the past .Chances are, you’ll want to annotated apa style, write your narrative essay in first person, past tense, too. In some cases, you may find that writing in third person is a better choice–especially if you are recounting a story that happened to someone else. But, whatever you choose, keep it consistent throughout. Okay!

Let’s move on to the last paragraph. He had a point. I had already proven myself to everyone except for me. If I didn’t believe in myself… who would ever believe in me? Thanks to the janitor’s wisdom, I eventually played my first–and only–game that season, and I proved to myself that I can achieve anything I set my mind to . Let’s break it down. Restate your purpose . In your final paragraph, leave your reader with a clear restatement of your purpose.Remember, I began this sample narrative essay by wallpaper essay, stating my purpose: “The most important part of achieving my dreams is believing in myself.” In the final paragraph, I closed with a restatement of this same point: “ I proved to myself that I can achieve anything I set my mind to. Paper Writing Help Online. ” Here are the eight concepts we just covered, distilled into essay handy table form for your convenience. Final Thoughts on How to Write a Narrative Essay. As you set out to write your narrative essay, bring the write, readers on your journey with you. Wallpaper Essay Questions. Give them a reason to listen to bibliography cover page, your story.

If you’re uncertain what to write about, remember that a good personal narrative essay will show some sort of transformation. For example, you started out as a shy person, but had an interesting experience that made you more outgoing. Find a story of the yellow essay transformation, and then write about what happened. If you need more ideas, check out these example narrative essays. Finally, always be sure to edit your personal narrative essay before you submit it! It doesn’t matter how awesome your story is if the narrative is masked by bad grammar or sentence structure errors.

Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Naomi Tepper is a former Kibin editor, the former content manager for the Kibin blog, and forever a word nerd. Wooooow, thnx this really saved my day cause I had no idea of how to an essay, write a narrative essay. Happy to help and thanks for essay questions reading! You’re welcome! Thanks for reading. Hey… anyone wants to learn the paper writing help, best way to the yellow essay, write an essay without tutoring…. here it it. this stuff is custom paper as good as perfect to learn an essay. +Naomi Tepper thanks a ton.. this will help me improve my narrative writing skills..

Thanks again #128578; Aww, shucks thank you! More than happy to help. Thank you I really appreciate your help. n if you don’t mind, is it possible that you could help me out with a few links or something, so i could improve my writing skills. (other types of writings as well- like argumentative, descriptive, persuasive, summary writing)… oh! n am also having my IGCSE pre-boards coming up this Monday so even a few tips would also help. Thanks:) Truthfully, I don’t know much about the IGCSE boards, but I imagine there might be some timed writing tests involved, in wallpaper essay which case this post might come in handy: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-timed-essay/ Thanks alot… all of them are really helpful #128578; Can you please guide me to another link with summary writing.. i think the above link doesn’t seem to be working.. Thanks in write an essay on pollution advance. #128578;

Hi Naomi. Found this really helpful, thank you. I was wondering if you have any additional advice that would help me hone my writing skills. #128578; Hi again, Sowmya! Woot! Looks like your finding your way around our blog.

Nice to see you reading this post as well. Yes, I have lots of advice on writing better essays. Essay. Check out the paper, comment I left for Joshua (below), it links to some of my most useful blog posts. Is it possible if you could share a link on summary writing to me, it would be of the yellow essay great help. Thanks in advance. thank for the awesome help. You are so welcome! Thanks for the comment. #128578; THANK YOU SO MUCH . YOU HELPED ME A LOT ! Awesome!

Happy to help. #128578; I want to burleigh essay can terrorism be justified, help my son write a narrative. He has to choose to be something from our timeline of study with our coop. He has chosen the Black Death. This seems so exciting to wallpaper, me but I simply cannot wrap my head around how to approach this as a narrative. Cia Admissions. He actually wants to BE the the yellow wallpaper essay, black death. Ideas? Wow! Your son sounds very creative.

I love this concept. Your son should choose the characteristics of the Black Death that he wants to personify. Before writing, answer some questions: What’s his motive (as the Black Death)? How does he feel about the “work” he is doing? Does he have a visible form or is he invisible? If visible, how do humans see him? Try to keep the personification consistent throughout. Essay. Then build a narrative arc around this “character” with a beginning, middle and end. Perhaps tell the wallpaper questions, story of visiting on annotated cover a particular family. What does he learn from the the yellow, experience?

What is the point (thesis)? Most importantly have fun! I love this! Do you have an example with a guide just like the one you did for essay narrative essay but for essay an illustration essay? Thanks so much Erin! Sorry to ask again, but do you have examples for school uniforms essays a research essay and another narrative without dialogue?

I want to wallpaper essay, be able to show my college students different examples of burleigh essay be justified narrative essays.

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The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Prompt

Ajax Upload Part II: XHR2 (and FileReader) So, the the yellow essay, client has told you their users should be able to upload their drunken party pictures for all the internet to see. #8220;We want the very best experience possible,#8221; they tell you. #8220;Simple, seamless maybe using that new html5 thing I#8217;ve heard so much about.#8221; You choke back a little bit of hope. You#8217;ve been disappointed so often. Trying hard to sound non-chalant, you say #8220;only modern browsers, right?#8221; You hold your breath. They nod, and on the outside, you nod back. On the inside, you giggle. No flash, no iframe hacks just ajax, as God (well, the W3C) intended.

Ah, beautiful. As promised in part I, we#8217;re going take a quick walk through what it takes to upload a file with ajax. We#8217;re also going to con on take a look at reading a file into memory to play with in your app. Wallpaper Essay? So, let#8217;s say we have two images of some hip twenty-somethings having a good time, drunk1.png and drunk2.jpg. Our job is to get these files from the user#8217;s computer to our server as simply as possible.

The standard input is custom a familiar way of questions, doing this, but we might also want to annotated cover apa style take advantage of the new drag and drop capabilities in modern browsers. So, we could have something like: and then just define some styles that will give us a properly sized drop target. Now, the drag and drop api in html5 is a little strange. We need to questions cancel the default action and uniforms essays stop propagation for questions dragover and drop in order to allow something to term be drag and dropped. Essay Questions? The idea seems to be that the default action is to write on pollution not allow anything to be dragged and dropped. You#8217;ll just have to swing with it. Questions? End result of this is that we#8217;ll end up with a FileList object that acts like an term paper array, with each element being a reference to a file. We can then iterate through it to upload or read our files. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions? XHR2 introduces some new features, with the term, ones of interest being the questions, new upload attribute on xhr, which returns an XMLHttpRequestUpload object. This exposes the progress of an upload to pro and uniforms us. The Yellow Questions? Otherwise, we#8217;ll be using the standard send() call with an ArrayBuffer of the file to upload it.

Here#8217;s what part of the setup and upload looks like in annotated bibliography page the plugin we#8217;ll be discussing shortly: The main things to notice are that if we#8217;re sending a file #8216;chunked#8217; (that is, in pieces of a pre-determined size this is a good way to get around, say, php upload file size limits or allow for the yellow pausing and resuming a file upload, by the way) we#8217;re using the slice() method on essay, our file to get an essay questions ArrayBuffer of the appropriate size out of the buffer representing the whole file. This also saves us from needing to read in the whole file before sending it. In order to annotated bibliography page apa style know what#8217;s happening with our file upload, we just need to listen (as noted above) on questions, the load, progress and errors events of xhr and xhr.upload. This is page apa style probably one of my favourite new things to play with in the yellow questions javascript the FileReader api (which is a subset of the term paper, File api). Get a file from the local user filesystem and work with it in the browser. Yay! Its exciting, because coming from a C and Java background, getting a file from the essay questions, local system wasn#8217;t ever a problem, and there#8217;s been numerous times in my web dev endeavours when it has been. Ever needed to use that ugly hack where you upload a file to a server and bounce it immediately back to the client, just so you can have access to some image or text file from the user? Yeah, good riddance to help that. The Yellow Questions? Anyways, our plugin is cia admissions essay going to do that to, because the two concepts are fairly closely related we might want the user to drag and drop those drunken party photos into the browser for manipulation in a photo booth type app (airbrush me out of there#8230; or maybe just add some clothes) before uploading, for instance.

Here#8217;s what that looks like: Pretty simple (you#8217;ll notice I#8217;m using the promises here to wrap around the callbacks that FileReader offer us we#8217;re doing the the yellow wallpaper essay questions, same with the xhr upload). We set up our reader with a file read method (which will determine what kind of cia admissions, result we#8217;re given. We can readAsText (text files, obviously), readAsDataURL (images are a good candidate for being read this way we#8217;ll be returned a data url with the contents encoded as base64), readAsBinaryString (which will return us a string with the binary contents encoded we can get the bytes values by getting the char codes of each character in the string) or readAsArrayBuffer (see Array Buffer spec). Wallpaper Questions? The reader will call back to use on progress (useful for a progress bar, for instance) on the file read, and when finished loading, with the result of our read (which will be encoded as we#8217;ve specified with our read method). Con On School Uniforms Essays? So, been teasing about that plugin, and pulling it apart should be a good way to get started on the yellow, learning how this all works; and if you want to forego that, just use the plugin!

Keep in mind, the plugin doesn#8217;t offer any UI interaction it just covers reading a file or uploading it, and returns the results of these operations to the element(s) the plugin is called on you#8217;ll need/want to con on uniforms essays build your UI on top of that. Usage, the plugin, a test page and an example php script to receive and the yellow assemble chunked uploads can be found at cia admissions the github repo. NOTE: The code below is OUT OF DATE see the the yellow essay, GITHUB REPO for the up-to-date code. Meanwhile, here#8217;s just the plugin: Latest posts by Christopher Keefer (see all) Downloading Client-side Generated Content - February 6, 2017 Generating PDFs: wkhtmltopdf Heroku - December 21, 2016 Go Fetch 2! (JavaScript Fetch API) - October 10, 2016. While setting the options, what#8217;s the use of #8216;input#8217;? If you want to use HUp directly, instead of via the jquery plugin, the input parameter is where you would plugin what element you want to use as your input.

If you#8217;re using the jquery plugin, you can safely ignore that parameter, as it will be set by the plugin based on the elements you#8217;ve selected. Cool thanks. Got it! Great script. #128521; I#8217;m finding it hard to pro and con on uniforms understand why you used `that = this;` Tried to the yellow wallpaper questions understand from elsewhere, but wasn#8217;t similar to paper this. Also, if I want to send the the yellow wallpaper essay, file name or any other data along with each file upload, how do I do it, and paper online what#8217;s the php code to read the same? The local variable #8216;that#8217; is wallpaper questions being used to reference #8216;this#8217; that is, the enclosing function. When inside of a function within a function (such as a callback like the .done block of an write an essay $.ajax call), #8216;this#8217; will refer to the innermost function. jQuery also sets the the yellow, context (#8216;this#8217;) to the DOM element being referenced inside of event callbacks, $.each blocks, etc. If we want to reference the containing function, we need a reference to it other than #8216;this#8217; thus, assigning this to #8216;that#8217; in the enclosing function. We could set the context as we desire using .call or .apply, but this is simpler and adequate for most situations. Take a look at the github repo (https://github.com/SaneMethod/HUp) for some example php code indicating how to handle non-standard file headers, how to reassemble a chunked upload, etc. Be aware that this sample code is meant for demonstration purposes you#8217;ll want to do some further work testing and securing it.

How can I detect filesize of all selected files to count overall progress? For example, if I have ideal speed for pro and upload, choose two files, one with 10MB size, second with 2 MB size, start upload, and if both files are paralelly uploaded with the same speed, so when the second file is fully uploaded (2 of 2 MB = 100%), the first file have 2 of wallpaper essay questions, 10 MB also uploaded (20%) the final progress should be (2 + 2 = 4MB of 10+2 MB = 4 of 12 MB = 33%). Con On School Uniforms? I#8217;m able to detect per file progress, but I can#8217;t find how to check this overall progress. I’m able to detect per the yellow essay, file progress, but I can’t find how to check this overall progress. The simplest answer: add the per-file progress and divide by the number of files to be uploaded. file1 progress: 100% file2 progress: 55% file3 progress: 33% Overall progress = (file1progress+file2progress+file3progress)/3. What about multiple file support? Thanks for a nice post! I#8217;d prefer something without jQuery, but it#8217;s a good reading anyway.

The explanation on why to disable the burleigh wilkins essay, default dragdrop action is somewhat obscure for the yellow wallpaper essay a beginner imho. For those who didn#8217;t understand, the reason behind disabling the default action is we are preventing the wilkins essay, browser to try to open your file, which you are dropping in. It is it#8217;s default behavior. Instead, we want to prepare that file for uploading and thus we need to disable the default action.

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The Yellow Wallpaper Critical Essays - eNotes com

essay colours nature A subtle chain of countless rings. The next unto the the yellow essay questions, farthest brings; The eye reads omens where it goes, And speaks all languages the rose; And, striving to be man, the worm. Mounts through all the spires of form. Introduction Our age is retrospective. It builds the sepulchres of the fathers. It writes biographies, histories, and criticism.

The foregoing generations beheld God and nature face to face; we, through their eyes. Why should not we also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Why should not we have a poetry and custom paper, philosophy of insight and not of the yellow tradition, and a religion by pro and revelation to us, and not the history of theirs? Embosomed for a season in essay, nature, whose floods of life stream around and through us, and invite us by the powers they supply, to action proportioned to nature, why should we grope among the dry bones of the past, or put the living generation into masquerade out of its faded wardrobe? The sun shines to-day also. There is more wool and flax in the fields. There are new lands, new men, new thoughts. Let us demand our own works and laws and worship. Undoubtedly we have no questions to essay ask which are unanswerable. We must trust the perfection of the creation so far, as to believe that whatever curiosity the order of things has awakened in our minds, the order of things can satisfy.

Every man's condition is a solution in hieroglyphic to those inquiries he would put. Essay Questions? He acts it as life, before he apprehends it as truth. In like manner, nature is already, in its forms and tendencies, describing its own design. Let us interrogate the great apparition, that shines so peacefully around us. Annotated Bibliography Page? Let us inquire, to what end is nature? All science has one aim, namely, to find a theory of nature.

We have theories of races and of functions, but scarcely yet a remote approach to an idea of creation. We are now so far from the the yellow questions, road to truth, that religious teachers dispute and hate each other, and speculative men are esteemed unsound and frivolous. But to a sound judgment, the most abstract truth is the most practical. Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is, that it will explain all phenomena. Now many are thought not only unexplained but inexplicable; as language, sleep, madness, dreams, beasts, sex.

Philosophically considered, the universe is composed of Nature and custom, the Soul. Strictly speaking, therefore, all that is separate from the yellow wallpaper essay us, all which Philosophy distinguishes as the NOT ME, that is, both nature and art, all other men andmy own body, must be ranked under this name, NATURE. In enumerating the values of nature and cia admissions essay, casting up their sum, I shall use the word in both senses; -- in its common and in its philosophical import. Wallpaper? In inquiries so general as our present one, the inaccuracy is not material; no confusion of pro and school essays thought will occur. Nature, in the common sense, refers to essences unchanged by man; space, the air, the river, the leaf. Art is applied to the mixture of his will with the same things, as in a house, a canal, a statue, a picture. But his operations taken together are so insignificant, a little chipping, baking, patching, and washing, that in an impression so grand as that of the world on the human mind, they do not vary the result. Chapter I NATURE To go into solitude, a man needs to retire as much from his chamber as from society. I am not solitary whilst I read and write, though nobody is with me.

But if a man would be alone, let him look at the stars. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions? The rays that come from those heavenly worlds, will separate between him and what he touches. One might think the atmosphere was made transparent with this design, to give man, in the heavenly bodies, the perpetual presence of the sublime. Seen in custom paper, the streets of cities, how great they are! If the wallpaper essay questions, stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how would men believe and adore; and preserve for many generations the remembrance of the city of burleigh essay can terrorism be justified God which had been shown! But every night come out these envoys of questions beauty, and light the universe with their admonishing smile. The stars awaken a certain reverence, because though always present, they are inaccessible; but all natural objects make a kindred impression, when the mind is annotated bibliography page apa style open to their influence. Nature never wears a mean appearance. Neither does the wisest man extort her secret, and lose his curiosity by finding out all her perfection. Nature never became a toy to a wise spirit. The flowers, the questions, animals, the mountains, reflected the wisdom of write on pollution his best hour, as much as they had delighted the simplicity of his childhood.

When we speak of nature in this manner, we have a distinct but most poetical sense in the mind. We mean the integrity of impression made by manifold natural objects. It is this which distinguishes the stick of timber of the wood-cutter, from the tree of the poet. The charming landscape which I saw this morning, is indubitably made up of some twenty or thirty farms. Miller owns this field, Locke that, and Manning the woodland beyond.

But none of them owns the landscape. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay? There is a property in the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all the parts, that is, the poet. This is the best part of these men's farms, yet to this their warranty-deeds give no title. To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Bibliography Cover Page? Most persons do not see the sun. At least they have a very superficial seeing. The sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines into the eye and the heart of the child. The lover of nature is he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood. His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of the yellow his daily food. In the presence of nature, a wild delight runs through the man, in write an essay, spite of real sorrows.

Nature says, -- he is my creature, and maugre all his impertinent griefs, he shall be glad with me. Not the sun or the summer alone, but every hour and season yields its tribute of delight; for every hour and change corresponds to and authorizes a different state of the mind, from breathless noon to grimmest midnight. Nature is a setting that fits equally well a comic or a mourning piece. In good health, the air is a cordial of wallpaper essay questions incredible virtue. Crossing a bare common, in snow puddles, at twilight, under a clouded sky, without having in pro and school uniforms essays, my thoughts any occurrence of special good fortune, I have enjoyed a perfect exhilaration. I am glad to the brink of fear. In the woods too, a man casts off his years, as the snake his slough, and at what period soever of life, is wallpaper always a child. Paper Online? In the woods, is perpetual youth. Within these plantations of God, a decorum and sanctity reign, a perennial festival is dressed, and the guest sees not how he should tire of essay them in a thousand years. In the woods, we return to reason and faith. There I feel that nothing can befall me in pro and con on essays, life, -- no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair.

Standing on the bare ground, -- my head bathed by the blithe air, and the yellow essay questions, uplifted into infinite space, -- all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eye-ball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God. The name of the nearest friend sounds then foreign and accidental: to be brothers, to be acquaintances, -- master or servant, is then a trifle and a disturbance. I am the lover of uncontained and immortal beauty. In the wilderness, I find something more dear and cia admissions, connate than in questions, streets or villages.

In the tranquil landscape, and especially in the distant line of the horizon, man beholds somewhat as beautiful as his own nature. The greatest delight which the fields and woods minister, is the suggestion of an occult relation between man and the vegetable. I am not alone and unacknowledged. They nod to me, and I to them. The waving of the boughs in the storm, is new to me and old. It takes me by surprise, and yet is not unknown. Its effect is like that of a higher thought or a better emotion coming over me, when I deemed I was thinking justly or doing right.

Yet it is certain that the custom, power to produce this delight, does not reside in nature, but in man, or in essay, a harmony of burleigh essay both. It is necessary to use these pleasures with great temperance. Essay? For, nature is custom term not always tricked in holiday attire, but the same scene which yesterday breathed perfume and glittered as for the frolic of the nymphs, is overspread with melancholy today. Nature always wears the colors of the spirit. Wallpaper Essay Questions? To a man laboring under calamity, the heat of his own fire hath sadness in pro and con on uniforms, it. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions? Then, there is a kind of contempt of the landscape felt by him who has just lost by death a dear friend. The sky is less grand as it shuts down over less worth in the population. Chapter II COMMODITY Whoever considers the final cause of the world, will discern a multitude of usesthat result. They all admit of being thrown into one of the following classes; Commodity; Beauty; Language; and Discipline. Under the general name of cia admissions Commodity, I rank all those advantages which our senses owe to nature. This, of the yellow questions course, is a benefit which is temporary and mediate, not ultimate, like its service to the soul.

Yet although low, it is perfect in pro and con on uniforms, its kind, and is the only use of nature which all men apprehend. The misery of wallpaper essay man appears like childish petulance, when we explore the steady and prodigal provision that has been made for his support and delight on this green ball which floats him through the heavens. What angels invented these splendid ornaments, these rich conveniences, this ocean of air above, this ocean of water beneath, this firmament of earth between? this zodiac of lights, this tent of custom dropping clouds, this striped coat of climates, this fourfold year? Beasts, fire, water, stones, and corn serve him. The field is at once his floor, his work-yard, his play-ground, his garden, and his bed. More servants wait on man. Than he 'll take notice of. Wallpaper? ------ Nature, in its ministry to man, is not only the cia admissions, material, but is also the process and the result.

All the parts incessantly work into each other's hands for the profit of man. The wind sows the seed; the sun evaporates the sea; the wind blows the vapor to the field; the ice, on the other side of the planet, condenses rain on this; the questions, rain feeds the plant; the plant feeds the animal; and thus the endless circulations of the divine charity nourish man. The useful arts are reproductions or new combinations by the wit of man, of the help online, same natural benefactors. He no longer waits for favoring gales, but by means of steam, he realizes the fable of the yellow questions Aeolus's bag, and carries the two and thirty winds in the boiler of his boat. Bibliography Cover Page? To diminish friction, he paves the road with iron bars, and, mounting a coach with a ship-load of essay men, animals, and merchandise behind him, he darts through the country, from town to town, like an eagle or a swallow through the write, air. By the aggregate of these aids, how is the face of the world changed, from the era of wallpaper Noah to that of Napoleon! The private poor man hath cities, ships, canals, bridges, built for him. He goes to the post-office, and the human race run on his errands; to help the book-shop, and the human race read and write of all that happens, for him; to the court-house, and nations repair his wrongs. He sets his house upon the road, and the human race go forth every morning, and shovel out the snow, and cut a path for him.

But there is no need of specifying particulars in this class of uses. The catalogue is endless, and the examples so obvious, that I shall leave them to the reader's reflection, with the general remark, that this mercenary benefit is one which has respect to essay a farther good. A man is fed, not that he may be fed, but that he may work. Chapter III BEAUTY A nobler want of man is page apa style served by nature, namely, the love of the yellow Beauty. The ancient Greeks called the world , beauty. Such is the constitution of writing help all things, or such the the yellow wallpaper essay, plastic power of the custom, human eye, that the primary forms, as the sky, the mountain, the tree, the essay, animal, give us a delight in and for bibliography page, themselves; a pleasure arising from outline, color, motion, and the yellow wallpaper essay, grouping.

This seems partly owing to the eye itself. Bibliography Cover? The eye is the best of artists. By the mutual action of its structure and of the wallpaper questions, laws of light, perspective is produced, which integrates every mass of objects, of what character soever, into a well colored and shaded globe, so that where the particular objects are mean and unaffecting, the landscape which they compose, is round and symmetrical. And as the eye is the wilkins essay can terrorism, best composer, so light is the first of painters. There is essay no object so foul that intense light will not make beautiful. And the stimulus it affords to the sense, and a sort of infinitude which it hath, like space and time, make all matter gay. Even the pro and uniforms, corpse has its own beauty.

But besides this general grace diffused over nature, almost all the individual forms are agreeable to wallpaper essay questions the eye, as is proved by our endless imitations of cia admissions essay some of them, as the acorn, the grape, the pine-cone, the wheat-ear, the egg, the wings and forms of most birds, the lion's claw, the serpent, the butterfly, sea-shells, flames, clouds, buds, leaves, and the forms of many trees, as the palm. For better consideration, we may distribute the aspects of Beauty in a threefold manner. 1. First, the simple perception of natural forms is a delight. The influence of the forms and actions in nature, is so needful to man, that, in its lowest functions, it seems to questions lie on the confines of commodity and beauty. To the body and wilkins essay, mind which have been cramped by the yellow wallpaper questions noxious work or company, nature is medicinal and restores their tone. The tradesman, the attorney comes out annotated bibliography of the din and craft of the wallpaper essay, street, and sees the sky and the woods, and is a man again. In their eternal calm, he finds himself. The health of the eye seems to demand a horizon.

We are never tired, so long as we can see far enough. But in other hours, Nature satisfies by its loveliness, and without any mixture of corporeal benefit. Paper Writing Help? I see the spectacle of morning from the hill-top over against my house, from day-break to sun-rise, with emotions which an angel might share. The long slender bars of cloud float like fishes in the sea of crimson light. From the the yellow essay questions, earth, as a shore, I look out into that silent sea. I seem to partake its rapid transformations: the essay, active enchantment reaches my dust, and I dilate and conspire with the morning wind. How does Nature deify us with a few and cheap elements! Give me health and a day, and I will make the pomp of emperors ridiculous. The dawn is the yellow wallpaper my Assyria; the bibliography page apa style, sun-set and the yellow essay, moon-rise my Paphos, and unimaginable realms of faerie; broad noon shall be my England of the senses and the understanding; the night shall be my Germany of mystic philosophy and dreams.

Not less excellent, except for our less susceptibility in the afternoon, was the charm, last evening, of a January sunset. The western clouds divided and subdivided themselves into pink flakes modulated with tints of unspeakable softness; and annotated cover page, the air had so much life and sweetness, that it was a pain to come within doors. What was it that nature would say? Was there no meaning in the live repose of the valley behind the mill, and which Homer or Shakspeare could not reform for the yellow wallpaper questions, me in words? The leafless trees become spires of flame in the sunset, with the blue east for their back-ground, and the stars of the dead calices of flowers, and paper help online, every withered stem and stubble rimed with frost, contribute something to the mute music.

The inhabitants of the yellow essay questions cities suppose that the country landscape is write an essay on pollution pleasant only half the year. I please myself with the wallpaper, graces of the winter scenery, and believe that we are as much touched by it as by the genial influences of summer. To the attentive eye, each moment of the year has its own beauty, and in the same field, it beholds, every hour, a picture which was never seen before, and which shall never be seen again. The heavens change every moment, and paper writing help, reflect their glory or gloom on the plains beneath. The state of the crop in the surrounding farms alters the expression of the earth from week to week. The succession of native plants in the pastures and roadsides, which makes the silent clock by which time tells the summer hours, will make even the divisions of the day sensible to a keen observer. The tribes of birds and insects, like the wallpaper essay, plants punctual to their time, follow each other, and the year has room for pro and con on school uniforms, all.

By water-courses, the variety is greater. In July, the blue pontederia or pickerel-weed blooms in large beds in the shallow parts of our pleasant river, and swarms with yellow butterflies in continual motion. Art cannot rival this pomp of purple and gold. Indeed the river is a perpetual gala, and boasts each month a new ornament. But this beauty of Nature which is seen and felt as beauty, is the least part.

The shows of day, the dewy morning, the rainbow, mountains, orchards in blossom, stars, moonlight, shadows in still water, and the like, if too eagerly hunted, become shows merely, and wallpaper essay, mock us with their unreality. Go out of the house to see the apa style, moon, and 't is the yellow wallpaper questions mere tinsel; it will not please as when its light shines upon your necessary journey. The beauty that shimmers in the yellow afternoons of October, who ever could clutch it? Go forth to find it, and it is gone: 't is only a mirage as you look from the windows of diligence. 2. The presence of a higher, namely, of the spiritual element is pro and con on school essays essential to its perfection. The high and divine beauty which can be loved without effeminacy, is that which is found in the yellow wallpaper questions, combination with the human will. Beauty is the mark God sets upon virtue. Every natural action is custom graceful. Every heroic act is also decent, and causes the place and the bystanders to the yellow wallpaper essay shine. We are taught by great actions that the wilkins, universe is the property of every individual in it.

Every rational creature has all nature for his dowry and estate. It is the yellow essay questions his, if he will. He may divest himself of burleigh can terrorism it; he may creep into a corner, and abdicate his kingdom, as most men do, but he is entitled to the world by his constitution. In proportion to the energy of his thought and will, he takes up the world into himself. All those things for which men plough, build, or sail, obey virtue; said Sallust. The winds and waves, said Gibbon, are always on the side of the ablest navigators. So are the sun and essay questions, moon and all the cia admissions, stars of heaven. When a noble act is done, -- perchance in a scene of great natural beauty; when Leonidas and his three hundred martyrs consume one day in dying, and the sun and essay, moon come each and look at them once in the steep defile of Thermopylae; when Arnold Winkelried, in the high Alps, under the shadow of the avalanche, gathers in custom, his side a sheaf of Austrian spears to break the line for his comrades; are not these heroes entitled to add the beauty of the scene to the yellow the beauty of the con on school uniforms essays, deed? When the bark of Columbus nears the shore of America; -- before it, the beach lined with savages, fleeing out of all their huts of cane; the sea behind; and the purple mountains of the Indian Archipelago around, can we separate the man from the living picture? Does not the New World clothe his form with her palm-groves and savannahs as fit drapery? Ever does natural beauty steal in like air, and envelope great actions.

When Sir Harry Vane was dragged up the Tower-hill, sitting on a sled, to suffer death, as the champion of the English laws, one of the multitude cried out to him, You never sate on so glorious a seat. Charles II., to intimidate the citizens of London, caused the patriot Lord Russel to be drawn in an open coach, through the principal streets of the city, on his way to the scaffold. But, his biographer says, the multitude imagined they saw liberty and virtue sitting by his side. In private places, among sordid objects, an act of truth or heroism seems at once to draw to the yellow itself the custom term, sky as its temple, the sun as its candle. The Yellow Questions? Nature stretcheth out her arms to embrace man, only let his thoughts be of pro and con on school uniforms equal greatness. Willingly does she follow his steps with the rose and the violet, and bend her lines of grandeur and grace to the decoration of her darling child. The Yellow Questions? Only let his thoughts be of equal scope, and the frame will suit the picture. A virtuous man is in paper, unison with her works, and makes the wallpaper essay questions, central figure of the visible sphere. Homer, Pindar, Socrates, Phocion, associate themselves fitly in our memory with the geography and climate of Greece. The visible heavens and earth sympathize with Jesus. And in common life, whosoever has seen a person of powerful character and happy genius, will have remarked how easily he took all things along with him, -- the persons, the opinions, and the day, and cover page, nature became ancillary to a man.

3. There is still another aspect under which the beauty of the world may be viewed, namely, as it become s an wallpaper essay questions, object of the intellect. Beside the relation of things to virtue, they have a relation to thought. The intellect searches out the absolute order of things as they stand in the mind of God, and without the colors of affection. The intellectual and the active powers seem to succeed each other, and the exclusive activity of the pro and con on, one, generates the exclusive activity of the wallpaper questions, other. There is something unfriendly in each to the other, but they are like the alternate periods of feeding and working in animals; each prepares and will be followed by the other. Therefore does beauty, which, in relation to actions, as we have seen, comes unsought, and comes because it is unsought, remain for the apprehension and pursuit of the intellect; and then again, in its turn, of the active power. Nothing divine dies. All good is eternally reproductive. The beauty of nature reforms itself in cia admissions essay, the mind, and not for barren contemplation, but for new creation. All men are in some degree impressed by the face of the world; some men even to delight. The Yellow? This love of beauty is Taste.

Others have the same love in such excess, that, not content with admiring, they seek to embody it in new forms. The creation of beauty is Art. The production of a work of burleigh wilkins art throws a light upon the mystery of humanity. A work of art is an abstract or epitome of the world. It is the result or expression of nature, in miniature. For, although the works of nature are innumerable and all different, the result or the expression of them all is similar and single. Nature is a sea of forms radically alike and even unique. A leaf, a sun-beam, a landscape, the ocean, make an analogous impression on the mind. What is common to them all, -- that perfectness and harmony, is beauty.

The standard of beauty is the entire circuit of the yellow essay questions natural forms, -- the totality of nature; which the Italians expressed by defining beauty il piu nell' uno. Nothing is burleigh quite beautiful alone: nothing but is beautiful in the whole. A single object is only so far beautiful as it suggests this universal grace. The poet, the painter, the sculptor, the musician, the architect, seek each to concentrate this radiance of the world on wallpaper essay questions, one point, and each in his several work to satisfy the love of beauty which stimulates him to produce. Thus is Art, a nature passed through the alembic of man. School Uniforms Essays? Thus in art, does nature work through the will of a man filled with the beauty of her first works. The world thus exists to the soul to satisfy the desire of beauty.

This element I call an wallpaper, ultimate end. No reason can be asked or given why the soul seeks beauty. School Essays? Beauty, in its largest and profoundest sense, is one expression for the universe. God is the all-fair. Truth, and goodness, and beauty, are but different faces of the same All. But beauty in nature is not ultimate. It is the herald of inward and eternal beauty, and essay questions, is not alone a solid and satisfactory good. Annotated Cover Page? It must stand as a part, and not as yet the last or highest expression of the the yellow wallpaper questions, final cause of Nature. Custom Term? Chapter IV LANGUAGE Language is a third use which Nature subserves to essay questions man. Nature is the vehble, and threefold degree. 1. Write An Essay On Pollution? Words are signs of natural facts.

2. Particular natural facts are symbols of the yellow essay particular spiritual facts. 3. Write An Essay On Pollution? Nature is the symbol of spirit. 1. Words are signs of natural facts. The use of natural history is to give us aid in supernatural history: the use of the wallpaper, outer creation, to give us language for cover page, the beings and changes of the inward creation. Every word which is used to express a moral or intellectual fact, if traced to the yellow wallpaper its root, is found to be borrowed from some material appearance.

Right means straight ; wrong means twisted . Spirit primarily means wind ; transgression , the crossing of a line ; supercilious , the raising of the eyebrow . We say the heart to annotated bibliography cover page express emotion, the wallpaper essay questions, head to denote thought; and thought and emotion a re words borrowed from sensible things, and now appropriated to spiritual nature. Most of the process by which this transformation is made, is hidden from us in cia admissions, the remote time when language was framed; but the same tendency may be daily observed in children. The Yellow Wallpaper? Children and savages use only essay be justified, nouns or names of things, which they convert into verbs, and apply to analogous mental acts. 2. Questions? But this origin of all words that convey a spiritual import, -- so conspicuous a fact in the history of language, -- is our least debt to page apa style nature. It is not words only that are emblematic; it is things which are emblematic. Every natural fact is a symbol of some spiritual fact. Every appearance in nature corresponds to some state of the mind, and that state of the essay, mind can only be described by presenting that natural appearance as its picture.

An enraged man is a lion, a cunning man is a fox, a firm man is a rock, a learned man is a torch. Write An Essay On Pollution? A lamb is innocence; a snake is subtle spite; flowers express to us the delicate affections. Light and darkness are our familiar expression for knowledge and ignorance; and heat for love. Visible distance behind and before us, is respectively our image of the yellow wallpaper questions memory and hope. Who looks upon a river in a meditative hour, and is not reminded of the flux of online all things? Throw a stone into the stream, and the circles that propagate themselves are the beautiful type of all influence. Man is conscious of a universal soul within or behind his individual life, wherein, as in a firmament, the natures of Justice, Truth, Love, Freedom, arise and shine.

This universal soul, he calls Reason: it is not mine, or thine, or his, but we are its; we are its property and the yellow essay, men. And the blue sky in pro and con on school uniforms essays, which the private earth is buried, the questions, sky with its eternal calm, and full of everlasting orbs, is the type of Reason. That which, intellectually considered, we call Reason, considered in relation to burleigh wilkins be justified nature, we call Spirit. Spirit is the Creator. Spirit hath life in itself. Wallpaper Questions? And man in all ages and countries, embodies it in his language, as the FATHER. It is easily seen that there is nothing lucky or capricious in these analogies, but that they are constant, and pervade nature. These are not the dreams of a few poets, here and there, but man is an analogist, and studies relations in all objects. He is placed in the centre of beings, and a ray of relation passes from every other being to him.

And neither can man be understood without these objects, nor these objects without man. All the facts in natural history taken by themselves, have no value, but are barren, like a single sex. But marry it to human history, and it is full of life. Whole Floras, all Linnaeus' and write an essay on pollution, Buffon's volumes, are dry catalogues of facts; but the most trivial of these facts, the habit of a plant, the organs, or work, or noise of an essay questions, insect, applied to the illustration of a fact in page apa style, intellectual philosophy, or, in any way associated to human nature, affects us in the most lively and agreeable manner. The seed of a plant, -- to essay what affecting analogies in the nature of paper man, is that little fruit made use of, in all discourse, up to the voice of Paul, who calls the human corpse a seed, -- It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. The motion of the earth round its axis, and the yellow essay questions, round the sun, makes the day, and cia admissions essay, the year. These are certain amounts of brute light and heat.

But is essay questions there no intent of an analogy between man's life and the seasons? And do the seasons gain no grandeur or pathos from that analogy? The instincts of the ant are very unimportant, considered as the annotated bibliography cover page, ant's; but the moment a ray of wallpaper essay relation is seen to extend from it to man, and the little drudge is seen to be a monitor, a little body with a mighty heart, then all its habits, even that said to be recently observed, that it never sleeps, become sublime. Because of this radical correspondence between visible things and human thoughts, savages, who have only annotated page apa style, what is necessary, converse in essay, figures. As we go back in history, language becomes more picturesque, until its infancy, when it is all poetry; or all spiritual facts are represented by natural symbols.

The same symbols are found to make the original elements of all languages. It has moreover been observed, that the idioms of all languages approach each other in essay, passages of the greatest eloquence and power. And as this is the first language, so is it the last. This immediate dependence of language upon nature, this conversion of an outward phenomenon into a type of wallpaper essay somewhat in human life, never loses its power to affect us. It is this which gives that piquancy to the conversation of a strong-natured farmer or back-woodsman, which all men relish. A man's power to connect his thought with its proper symbol, and so to utter it, depends on the simplicity of his character, that is, upon cia admissions his love of truth, and his desire to communicate it without loss. Essay Questions? The corruption of man is followed by the corruption of language. When simplicity of character and the sovereignty of ideas is broken up by the prevalence of write an essay secondary desires, the desire of riches, of pleasure, of power, and of praise, -- and duplicity and falsehood take place of simplicity and truth, the power over nature as an interpreter of the will, is in essay, a degree lost; new imagery ceases to be created, and old words are perverted to cia admissions stand for things which are not; a paper currency is the yellow wallpaper employed, when there is no bullion in the vaults.

In due time, the fraud is manifest, and paper help, words lose all power to stimulate the understanding or the the yellow essay, affections. Hundreds of writers may be found in custom term paper, every long-civilized nation, who for wallpaper essay, a short time believe, and make others believe, that they see and utter truths, who do not of themselves clothe one thought in its natural garment, but who feed unconsciously on the language created by burleigh wilkins essay be justified the primary writers of the country, those, namely, who hold primarily on nature. But wise men pierce this rotten diction and fasten words again to visible things; so that picturesque language is at once a commanding certificate that he who employs it, is a man in alliance with truth and God. The moment our discourse rises above the ground line of familiar facts, and is inflamed with passion or exalted by thought, it clothes itself in images. A man conversing in earnest, if he watch his intellectual processes, will find that a material image, more or less luminous, arises in his mind, cotemporaneous with every thought, which furnishes the vestment of the the yellow essay questions, thought. Hence, good writing and brilliant discourse are perpetual allegories. This imagery is custom term spontaneous.

It is the blending of experience with the present action of the mind. It is questions proper creation. Custom? It is the the yellow, working of the Original Cause through the instruments he has already made. These facts may suggest the advantage which the country-life possesses for a powerful mind, over bibliography cover the artificial and curtailed life of cities. We know more from nature than we can at the yellow questions, will communicate. Its light flows into the mind evermore, and we forget its presence.

The poet, the orator, bred in the woods, whose senses have been nourished by their fair and appeasing changes, year after year, without design and without heed, -- shall not lose their lesson altogether, in the roar of cities or the broil of politics. Long hereafter, amidst agitation and terror in burleigh wilkins, national councils, -- in the hour of the yellow questions revolution, -- these solemn images shall reappear in their morning lustre, as fit symbols and words of the thoughts which the passing events shall awaken. At the call of cover page a noble sentiment, again the woods wave, the pines murmur, the river rolls and shines, and the cattle low upon the mountains, as he saw and heard them in his infancy. And with these forms, the spells of questions persuasion, the keys of power are put into his hands. 3. Writing Online? We are thus assisted by natural objects in the expression of particular meanings. But how great a language to convey such pepper-corn informations!

Did it need such noble races of wallpaper creatures, this profusion of forms, this host of orbs in heaven, to cia admissions furnish man with the dictionary and grammar of his municipal speech? Whilst we use this grand cipher to the yellow essay expedite the affairs of our pot and an essay on pollution, kettle, we feel that we have not yet put it to its use, neither are able. The Yellow Essay Questions? We are like travellers using the cinders of a volcano to roast their eggs. Whilst we see that it always stands ready to clothe what we would say, we cannot avoid the question, whether the characters are not significant of themselves. Have mountains, and bibliography page apa style, waves, and skies, no significance but what we consciously give them, when we employ them as emblems of our thoughts? The world is emblematic. Parts of speech are metaphors, because the whole of nature is a metaphor of the the yellow essay, human mind. The laws of moral nature answer to those of matter as face to face in a glass. The visible world and the relation of cia admissions its parts, is the dial plate of the invisible. The axioms of wallpaper physics translate the laws of ethics.

Thus, the whole is greater than its part; reaction is equal to action; the smallest weight may be made to lift the greatest, the difference of weight being compensated by time; and many the annotated bibliography page, like propositions, which have an ethical as well as physical sense. These propositions have a much more extensive and universal sense when applied to human life, than when confined to technical use. In like manner, the the yellow essay questions, memorable words of annotated cover page apa style history, and the proverbs of nations, consist usually of a natural fact, selected as a picture or parable of a moral truth. Thus; A rolling stone gathers no moss; A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush; A cripple in the right way, will beat a racer in the wrong; Make hay while the sun shines; 'T is hard to carry a full cup even; Vinegar is the son of wine; The last ounce broke the camel's back; Long-lived trees make roots first; -- and the like. In their primary sense these are trivial facts, but we repeat them for the value of their analogical import. What is true of wallpaper essay questions proverbs, is true of all fables, parables, and allegories. This relation between the mind and matter is not fancied by some poet, but stands in the will of God, and so is free to be known by all men. It appears to men, or it does not appear.

When in fortunate hours we ponder this miracle, the wise man doubts, if, at all other times, he is not blind and deaf; ------ Can these things be, And overcome us like a summer's cloud, Without our special wonder? for the universe becomes transparent, and on pollution, the light of higher laws than its own, shines through it. It is the standing problem which has exercised the wonder and the study of every fine genius since the world began; from the era of the Egyptians and the Brahmins, to that of Pythagoras, of Plato, of Bacon, of Leibnitz, of Swedenborg. There sits the the yellow wallpaper essay questions, Sphinx at an essay on pollution, the road-side, and from age to age, as each prophet comes by, he tries his fortune at reading her riddle. There seems to be a necessity in spirit to manifest itself in essay, material forms; and con on school uniforms, day and night, river and storm, beast and essay questions, bird, acid and alkali, preexist in necessary Ideas in the mind of God, and are what they are by virtue of preceding affections, in term, the world of wallpaper spirit. A Fact is the end or last issue of spirit.

The visible creation is the terminus or the circumference of the invisible world. Material objects, said a French philosopher, are necessarily kinds of scoriae of the substantial thoughts of the Creator, which must always preserve an exact relation to their first origin; in cia admissions, other words, visible nature must have a spiritual and moral side. This doctrine is abstruse, and though the images of garment, scoriae, mirror, c., may stimulate the fancy, we must summon the the yellow essay questions, aid of subtler and more vital expositors to make it plain. Every scripture is to be interpreted by the same spirit which gave it forth, -- is the fundamental law of criticism. A life in harmony with nature, the love of truth and of virtue, will purge the eyes to understand her text. By degrees we may come to burleigh wilkins be justified know the primitive sense of the permanent objects of nature, so that the the yellow wallpaper questions, world shall be to us an open book, and every form significant of its hidden life and paper writing, final cause. A new interest surprises us, whilst, under the view now suggested, we contemplate the fearful extent and multitude of objects; since every object rightly seen, unlocks a new faculty of the soul. That which was unconscious truth, becomes, when interpreted and defined in the yellow wallpaper questions, an object, a part of the domain of knowledge, -- a new weapon in the magazine of power. Chapter V DISCIPLINE In view of the significance of nature, we arrive at once at a new fact, that nature is a discipline. This use of the world includes the preceding uses, as parts of itself.

Space, time, society, labor, climate, food, locomotion, the animals, the mechanical forces, give us sincerest lessons, day by day, whose meaning is unlimited. They educate both the Understanding and the Reason. Cia Admissions Essay? Every property of matter is a school for the understanding, -- its solidity or resistance, its inertia, its extension, its figure, its divisibility. The understanding adds, divides, combines, measures, and essay, finds nutriment and room for its activity in page, this worthy scene. Wallpaper Essay Questions? Meantime, Reason transfers all these lessons into its own world of writing help thought, by perceiving the analogy that marries Matter and Mind. 1. Nature is a discipline of the understanding in intellectual truths. Our dealing with sensible objects is a constant exercise in the necessary lessons of difference, of likeness, of order, of being and the yellow wallpaper, seeming, of progressive arrangement; of ascent from particular to general; of combination to one end of manifold forces. Proportioned to the importance of the organ to be formed, is the extreme care with which its tuition is provided, -- a care pretermitted in no single case. Annotated Bibliography Cover Page? What tedious training, day after day, year after year, never ending, to form the common sense; what continual reproduction of annoyances, inconveniences, dilemmas; what rejoicing over us of little men; what disputing of prices, what reckonings of interest, -- and all to form the Hand of the the yellow wallpaper essay questions, mind; -- to instruct us that good thoughts are no better than good dreams, unless they be executed! The same good office is performed by Property and its filial systems of debt and credit.

Debt, grinding debt, whose iron face the widow, the orphan, and the sons of genius fear and hate; -- debt, which consumes so much time, which so cripples and disheartens a great spirit with cares that seem so base, is a preceptor whose lessons cannot be forgone, and is needed most by those who suffer from it most. Moreover, property, which has been well compared to write on pollution snow, -- if it fall level to-day, it will be blown into drifts to-morrow, -- is the surface action of internal machinery, like the index on the face of a clock. Whilst now it is the gymnastics of the understanding, it is hiving in the foresight of the the yellow essay, spirit, experience in profounder laws. The whole character and fortune of the individual are affected by burleigh can terrorism the least inequalities in the culture of the understanding; for the yellow essay, example, in the perception of differences. Therefore is Space, and therefore Time, that man may know that things are not huddled and wilkins essay, lumped, but sundered and individual. A bell and a plough have each their use, and neither can do the office of the other. Water is essay good to drink, coal to burn, wool to wear; but wool cannot be drunk, nor water spun, nor coal eaten. The wise man shows his wisdom in separation, in gradation, and his scale of creatures and of merits is as wide as nature. On Pollution? The foolish have no range in their scale, but suppose every man is as every other man. What is not good they call the worst, and what is not hateful, they call the best. In like manner, what good heed, nature forms in us!

She pardons no mistakes. The Yellow Essay? Her yea is yea, and writing help, her nay, nay. The first steps in wallpaper essay, Agriculture, Astronomy, Zoology, (those first steps which the can terrorism be justified, farmer, the hunter, and the sailor take,) teach that nature's dice are always loaded; that in her heaps and rubbish are concealed sure and useful results. How calmly and genially the the yellow questions, mind apprehends one after another the laws of physics! What noble emotions dilate the mortal as he enters into the counsels of the creation, and feels by knowledge the privilege to BE! His insight refines him. The beauty of nature shines in custom term paper, his own breast. Man is greater that he can see this, and the universe less, because Time and Space relations vanish as laws are known. Here again we are impressed and even daunted by the immense Universe to the yellow wallpaper essay be explored.

What we know, is a point to what we do not know. Open any recent journal of write an essay on pollution science, and the yellow wallpaper essay questions, weigh the problems suggested concerning Light, Heat, Electricity, Magnetism, Physiology, Geology, and judge whether the interest of natural science is likely to be soon exhausted. Passing by many particulars of the discipline of writing nature, we must not omit to specify two. The exercise of the Will or the lesson of power is taught in every event. From the child's successive possession of his several senses up to the hour when he saith, Thy will be done! he is learning the essay questions, secret, that he can reduce under his will, not only particular events, but great classes, nay the whole series of events, and so conform all facts to his character. Nature is thoroughly mediate. It is made to serve.

It receives the dominion of man as meekly as the ass on which the Saviour rode. It offers all its kingdoms to man as the burleigh essay, raw material which he may mould into what is the yellow useful. Man is never weary of working it up. He forges the subtile and delicate air into wise and melodious words, and gives them wing as angels of persuasion and command. One after another, his victorious thought comes up with and reduces all things, until the world becomes, at last, only a realized will, -- the double of the man. 2. Sensible objects conform to the premonitions of Reason and reflect the conscience. All things are moral; and in custom paper, their boundless changes have an unceasing reference to spiritual nature. Wallpaper? Therefore is nature glorious with form, color, and motion, that every globe in the remotest heaven; every chemical change from the rudest crystal up to the laws of life; every change of vegetation from the first principle of growth in the eye of custom a leaf, to the tropical forest and antediluvian coal-mine; every animal function from the wallpaper, sponge up to write on pollution Hercules, shall hint or thunder to man the laws of right and wrong, and wallpaper essay, echo the con on school uniforms, Ten Commandments.

Therefore is nature ever the ally of Religion: lends all her pomp and riches to the religious sentiment. Prophet and the yellow, priest, David, Isaiah, Jesus, have drawn deeply from burleigh wilkins essay can terrorism this source. This ethical character so penetrates the the yellow wallpaper questions, bone and marrow of nature, as to seem the end for bibliography page apa style, which it was made. Whatever private purpose is answered by any member or part, this is its public and universal function, and is never omitted. Nothing in nature is exhausted in the yellow wallpaper questions, its first use. When a thing has served an end to the uttermost, it is annotated cover page apa style wholly new for an ulterior service. The Yellow Essay? In God, every end is cia admissions converted into a new means. Thus the use of commodity, regarded by itself, is mean and squalid. But it is to the mind an education in the yellow, the doctrine of Use, namely, that a thing is good only so far as it serves; that a conspiring of parts and efforts to the production of an end, is essential to any being. The first and gross manifestation of this truth, is our inevitable and hated training in values and wants, in corn and meat.

It has already been illustrated, that every natural process is a version of a moral sentence. Cover? The moral law lies at the centre of nature and the yellow questions, radiates to the circumference. It is the pith and marrow of cia admissions essay every substance, every relation, and every process. All things with which we deal, preach to the yellow us. Cia Admissions? What is a farm but a mute gospel? The chaff and the wheat, weeds and plants, blight, rain, insects, sun, -- it is a sacred emblem from the first furrow of spring to the last stack which the snow of winter overtakes in the fields.

But the sailor, the shepherd, the miner, the merchant, in their several resorts, have each an experience precisely parallel, and leading to the same conclusion: because all organizations are radically alike. Nor can it be doubted that this moral sentiment which thus scents the air, grows in the grain, and impregnates the waters of the the yellow wallpaper essay questions, world, is caught by man and sinks into his soul. The moral influence of nature upon every individual is that amount of truth which it illustrates to him. Who can estimate this? Who can guess how much firmness the sea-beaten rock has taught the fisherman? how much tranquillity has been reflected to man from the azure sky, over whose unspotted deeps the winds forevermore drive flocks of stormy clouds, and leave no wrinkle or stain? how much industry and providence and affection we have caught from the paper writing, pantomime of brutes?

What a searching preacher of self-command is the varying phenomenon of Health! Herein is especially apprehended the unity of Nature, -- the unity in variety, -- which meets us everywhere. All the endless variety of things make an identical impression. Xenophanes complained in his old age, that, look where he would, all things hastened back to Unity. Essay Questions? He was weary of seeing the same entity in the tedious variety of forms.

The fable of Proteus has a cordial truth. A leaf, a drop, a crystal, a moment of time is related to the whole, and partakes of the perfection of the whole. Annotated Page Apa Style? Each particle is a microcosm, and faithfully renders the likeness of the world. Not only resemblances exist in things whose analogy is obvious, as when we detect the type of the human hand in the flipper of the fossil saurus, but also in objects wherein there is great superficial unlikeness. Thus architecture is called frozen music, by De Stael and Goethe. Vitruvius thought an architect should be a musician. Wallpaper? A Gothic church, said Coleridge, is a petrified religion. Michael Angelo maintained, that, to an architect, a knowledge of write an essay anatomy is essential. In Haydn's oratorios, the notes present to the imagination not only motions, as, of the wallpaper, snake, the stag, and the elephant, but colors also; as the green grass. The law of harmonic sounds reappears in the harmonic colors.

The granite is differenced in its laws only by the more or less of heat, from the river that wears it away. The river, as it flows, resembles the air that flows over it; the air resembles the light which traverses it with more subtile currents; the light resembles the heat which rides with it through Space. Each creature is cia admissions essay only a modification of the other; the likeness in wallpaper questions, them is more than the difference, and their radical law is one and the same. A rule of one art, or a law of one organization, holds true throughout nature. So intimate is this Unity, that, it is easily seen, it lies under the undermost garment of nature, and betrays its source in Universal Spirit. For, it pervades Thought also. Every universal truth which we express in words, implies or supposes every other truth.

Omne verum vero consonat. It is like a great circle on a sphere, comprising all possible circles; which, however, may be drawn, and comprise it, in like manner. Every such truth is the absolute Ens seen from one side. But it has innumerable sides. The central Unity is still more conspicuous in actions. Words are finite organs of the infinite mind. They cannot cover the dimensions of what is in truth. They break, chop, and impoverish it. An action is the perfection and publication of thought. A right action seems to fill the eye, and to be related to all nature.

The wise man, in doing one thing, does all; or, in the one thing he does rightly, he sees the likeness of all which is done rightly. Words and uniforms, actions are not the attributes of brute nature. They introduce us to the human form, of which all other organizations appear to be degradations. When this appears among so many that surround it, the spirit prefers it to all others. It says, `From such as this, have I drawn joy and essay, knowledge; in such as this, have I found and beheld myself; I will speak to it; it can speak again; it can yield me thought already formed and alive.' In fact, the eye, -- the mind, -- is always accompanied by these forms, male and female; and these are incomparably the richest informations of the an essay, power and the yellow wallpaper essay, order that lie at the heart of things. Unfortunately, every one of them bears the marks as of some injury; is marred and superficially defective. Nevertheless, far different from the deaf and dumb nature around them, these all rest like fountain-pipes on the unfathomed sea of thought and virtue whereto they alone, of all organizations, are the wilkins essay, entrances.

It were a pleasant inquiry to follow into detail their ministry to our education, but where would it stop? We are associated in adolescent and adult life with some friends, who, like skies and wallpaper essay questions, waters, are coextensive with our idea; who, answering each to a certain affection of the soul, satisfy our desire on that side; whom we lack power to put at such focal distance from us, that we can mend or even analyze them. We cannot choose but love them. When much intercourse with a friend has supplied us with a standard of excellence, and has increased our respect for the resources of God who thus sends a real person to outgo our ideal; when he has, moreover, become an object of help online thought, and, whilst his character retains all its unconscious effect, is converted in the mind into questions solid and sweet wisdom, -- it is a sign to us that his office is closing, and he is commonly withdrawn from our sight in a short time. Chapter VI IDEALISM Thus is the unspeakable but intelligible and practicable meaning of the pro and con on uniforms essays, world conveyed to man, the immortal pupil, in every object of sense. To this one end of Discipline, all parts of nature conspire. A noble doubt perpetually suggests itself, whether this end be not the Final Cause of the Universe; and whether nature outwardly exists. It is a sufficient account of essay that Appearance we call the World, that God will teach a human mind, and so makes it the term paper, receiver of a certain number of congruent sensations, which we call sun and moon, man and woman, house and trade.

In my utter impotence to test the authenticity of the report of my senses, to know whether the impressions they make on me correspond with outlying objects, what difference does it make, whether Orion is up there in heaven, or some god paints the image in the firmament of the soul? The relations of parts and the end of the whole remaining the same, what is the difference, whether land and the yellow wallpaper essay questions, sea interact, and worlds revolve and intermingle without number or end, -- deep yawning under deep, and galaxy balancing galaxy, throughout absolute space, -- or, whether, without relations of time and space, the same appearances are inscribed in the constant faith of man? Whether nature enjoy a substantial existence without, or is only in the apocalypse of the mind, it is alike useful and alike venerable to me. Be it what it may, it is ideal to me, so long as I cannot try the accuracy of my senses. The frivolous make themselves merry with the Ideal theory, as if its consequences were burlesque; as if it affected the stability of nature. It surely does not. God never jests with us, and will not compromise the end of nature, by permitting any inconsequence in paper online, its procession. Any distrust of the essay, permanence of laws, would paralyze the faculties of man.

Their permanence is sacredly respected, and his faith therein is perfect. The wheels and springs of man are all set to the hypothesis of the permanence of nature. We are not built like a ship to be tossed, but like a house to stand. It is a natural consequence of this structure, that, so long as the active powers predominate over the reflective, we resist with indignation any hint that nature is more short-lived or mutable than spirit. The broker, the wheelwright, the carpenter, the toll-man, are much displeased at the intimation. But whilst we acquiesce entirely in the permanence of natural laws, the question of the absolute existence of nature still remains open. It is the uniform effect of culture on the human mind, not to shake our faith in the stability of particular phenomena, as of heat, water, azote; but to lead us to regard nature as a phenomenon, not a substance; to attribute necessary existence to spirit; to esteem nature as an accident and an effect. To the senses and the unrenewed understanding, belongs a sort of instinctive belief in page, the absolute existence of nature. In their view, man and nature are indissolubly joined.

Things are ultimates, and they never look beyond their sphere. The presence of Reason mars this faith. The first effort of the yellow essay questions thought tends to relax this despotism of the senses, which binds us to nature as if we were a part of it, and shows us nature aloof, and, as it were, afloat. Until this higher agency intervened, the animal eye sees, with wonderful accuracy, sharp outlines and colored surfaces. When the paper, eye of Reason opens, to outline and surface are at once added, grace and expression. These proceed from imagination and affection, and abate somewhat of the angular distinctness of objects. Questions? If the burleigh, Reason be stimulated to more earnest vision, outlines and surfaces become transparent, and are no longer seen; causes and spirits are seen through them. The best moments of life are these delicious awakenings of the higher powers, and the reverential withdrawing of nature before its God. Let us proceed to indicate the effects of culture. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Questions? 1. Burleigh Wilkins Essay? Our first institution in the Ideal philosophy is a hint from nature herself. Nature is made to conspire with spirit to emancipate us.

Certain mechanical changes, a small alteration in our local position apprizes us of a dualism. We are strangely affected by seeing the shore from a moving ship, from a balloon, or through the tints of an unusual sky. The least change in our point of wallpaper essay questions view, gives the whole world a pictorial air. A man who seldom rides, needs only to get into a coach and traverse his own town, to turn the street into a puppet-show. The men, the women, -- talking, running, bartering, fighting, -- the earnest mechanic, the apa style, lounger, the beggar, the boys, the the yellow wallpaper, dogs, are unrealized at burleigh wilkins essay, once, or, at the yellow wallpaper essay questions, least, wholly detached from all relation to the observer, and seen as apparent, not substantial beings. What new thoughts are suggested by seeing a face of country quite familiar, in burleigh wilkins can terrorism be justified, the rapid movement of the rail-road car! Nay, the most wonted objects, (make a very slight change in the point of vision,) please us most.

In a camera obscura, the butcher's cart, and the figure of one of our own family amuse us. So a portrait of a well-known face gratifies us. Turn the eyes upside down, by looking at the landscape through your legs, and the yellow wallpaper essay, how agreeable is the picture, though you have seen it any time these twenty years! In these cases, by mechanical means, is suggested the difference between the observer and the spectacle, -- between man and nature. Hence arises a pleasure mixed with awe; I may say, a low degree of the sublime is felt from the fact, probably, that man is hereby apprized, that, whilst the burleigh be justified, world is a spectacle, something in himself is stable. 2. In a higher manner, the poet communicates the wallpaper essay questions, same pleasure. By a few strokes he delineates, as on air, the sun, the mountain, the camp, the city, the hero, the maiden, not different from what we know them, but only lifted from the ground and afloat before the essay, eye. He unfixes the land and the sea, makes them revolve around the axis of his primary thought, and disposes them anew. Possessed himself by a heroic passion, he uses matter as symbols of it.

The sensual man conforms thoughts to things; the poet conforms things to his thoughts. The one esteems nature as rooted and fast; the other, as fluid, and impresses his being thereon. To him, the refractory world is ductile and flexible; he invests dust and stones with humanity, and makes them the words of the Reason. The Imagination may be defined to be, the use which the Reason makes of the material world. Shakspeare possesses the power of subordinating nature for the purposes of expression, beyond all poets. His imperial muse tosses the wallpaper essay questions, creation like a bauble from hand to hand, and uses it to embody any caprice of thought that is write an essay upper-most in wallpaper essay questions, his mind. The remotest spaces of nature are visited, and the farthest sundered things are brought together, by a subtle spiritual connection. Write An Essay? We are made aware that magnitude of material things is relative, and all objects shrink and expand to wallpaper questions serve the passion of the pro and school uniforms essays, poet.

Thus, in his sonnets, the lays of birds, the scents and dyes of flowers, he finds to be the shadow of his beloved; time, which keeps her from him, is his chest ; the suspicion she has awakened, is her ornament ; The ornament of beauty is Suspect, A crow which flies in heaven's sweetest air. His passion is not the fruit of chance; it swells, as he speaks, to the yellow wallpaper questions a city, or a state. Paper Help? No, it was builded far from accident; It suffers not in smiling pomp, nor falls. Under the wallpaper questions, brow of thralling discontent;

It fears not policy, that heretic, That works on leases of short numbered hours, But all alone stands hugely politic In the paper writing, strength of his constancy, the Pyramids seem to him recent and transitory. The freshness of youth and love dazzles him with its resemblance to morning. Take those lips away. Which so sweetly were forsworn; And those eyes, -- the the yellow wallpaper essay, break of day,

Lights that do mislead the morn. Writing Help Online? The wild beauty of this hyperbole, I may say, in passing, it would not be easy to match in literature. This transfiguration which all material objects undergo through the passion of the poet, -- this power which he exerts to dwarf the great, to magnify the small, -- might be illustrated by a thousand examples from his Plays. I have before me the wallpaper essay, Tempest, and will cite only these few lines. ARIEL. The strong based promontory. Have I made shake, and by the spurs plucked up. The pine and cia admissions, cedar. Prospero calls for music to the yellow wallpaper essay soothe the frantic Alonzo, and his companions; A solemn air, and the best comforter.

To an unsettled fancy, cure thy brains. Now useless, boiled within thy skull. Again; The charm dissolves apace, And, as the morning steals upon the night, Melting the darkness, so their rising senses. Begin to chase the bibliography, ignorant fumes that mantle.

Their clearer reason. Begins to wallpaper essay questions swell: and the approaching tide. Will shortly fill the essay, reasonable shores. That now lie foul and muddy. The perception of real affinities between events, (that is to say, of ideal affinities, for those only are real,) enables the poet thus to make free with the most imposing forms and phenomena of the the yellow essay questions, world, and to cia admissions essay assert the predominance of the the yellow essay, soul. 3. Whilst thus the poet animates nature with his own thoughts, he differs from the philosopher only herein, that the one proposes Beauty as his main end; the other Truth. But the custom term, philosopher, not less than the poet, postpones the apparent order and relations of things to the empire of thought. The problem of philosophy, according to Plato, is, for all that exists conditionally, to find a ground unconditioned and absolute. The Yellow Wallpaper Questions? It proceeds on the faith that a law determines all phenomena, which being known, the phenomena can be predicted. That law, when in the mind, is an an essay on pollution, idea.

Its beauty is infinite. The true philosopher and the true poet are one, and a beauty, which is truth, and a truth, which is beauty, is the aim of both. Wallpaper? Is not the charm of one of Plato's or Aristotle's definitions, strictly like that of the Antigone of Sophocles? It is, in both cases, that a spiritual life has been imparted to nature; that the solid seeming block of matter has been pervaded and dissolved by a thought; that this feeble human being has penetrated the vast masses of nature with an informing soul, and recognised itself in annotated cover page, their harmony, that is, seized their law. In physics, when this is attained, the memory disburthens itself of its cumbrous catalogues of particulars, and carries centuries of observation in a single formula.

Thus even in physics, the wallpaper essay questions, material is degraded before the spiritual. The astronomer, the geometer, rely on their irrefragable analysis, and disdain the results of observation. Term Paper? The sublime remark of Euler on his law of arches, This will be found contrary to all experience, yet is true; had already transferred nature into the mind, and left matter like an outcast corpse. 4. Intellectual science has been observed to beget invariably a doubt of the existence of the yellow wallpaper essay questions matter. Turgot said, He that has never doubted the existence of writing help matter, may be assured he has no aptitude for essay questions, metaphysical inquiries. It fastens the attention upon write immortal necessary uncreated natures, that is, upon Ideas; and in their presence, we feel that the outward circumstance is a dream and the yellow essay, a shade. Whilst we wait in this Olympus of gods, we think of nature as an appendix to the soul. We ascend into their region, and know that these are the an essay on pollution, thoughts of the Supreme Being. These are they who were set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. Wallpaper Essay? When he prepared the heavens, they were there; when he established the clouds above, when he strengthened the fountains of the deep. Then they were by him, as one brought up with him.

Of them took he counsel. Their influence is proportionate. As objects of science, they are accessible to few men. Yet all men are capable of being raised by piety or by passion, into their region. And no man touches these divine natures, without becoming, in some degree, himself divine.

Like a new soul, they renew the an essay on pollution, body. We become physically nimble and lightsome; we tread on air; life is no longer irksome, and essay questions, we think it will never be so. No man fears age or misfortune or death, in their serene company, for he is transported out of the district of write an essay change. Whilst we behold unveiled the nature of Justice and Truth, we learn the difference between the absolute and the conditional or relative. We apprehend the absolute.

As it were, for the first time, we exist. We become immortal, for we learn that time and space are relations of matter; that, with a perception of truth, or a virtuous will, they have no affinity. 5. The Yellow? Finally, religion and ethics, which may be fitly called, -- the practice of ideas, or the wilkins can terrorism, introduction of ideas into life, -- have an the yellow wallpaper essay questions, analogous effect with all lower culture, in degrading nature and suggesting its dependence on an essay on pollution, spirit. Ethics and religion differ herein; that the one is the system of human duties commencing from man; the other, from God. Religion includes the personality of God; Ethics does not. They are one to our present design. They both put nature under foot. The first and last lesson of the yellow wallpaper questions religion is, The things that are seen, are temporal; the things that are unseen, are eternal.

It puts an affront upon nature. It does that for the unschooled, which philosophy does for Berkeley and Viasa. The uniform language that may be heard in the churches of the most ignorant sects, is,------Contemn the unsubstantial shows of the world; they are vanities, dreams, shadows, unrealities; seek the realities of religion. Annotated Bibliography Apa Style? The devotee flouts nature. Some theosophists have arrived at a certain hostility and indignation towards matter, as the Manichean and Plotinus. They distrusted in themselves any looking back to these flesh-pots of Egypt. Plotinus was ashamed of the yellow questions his body.

In short, they might all say of matter, what Michael Angelo said of external beauty, it is the frail and weary weed, in which God dresses the soul, which he has called into time. It appears that motion, poetry, physical and intellectual science, and religion, all tend to affect our convictions of the reality of the external world. But I own there is something ungrateful in expanding too curiously the particulars of the general proposition, that all culture tends to imbue us with idealism. I have no hostility to nature, but a child's love to it. I expand and live in burleigh, the warm day like corn and melons. Let us speak her fair. I do not wish to fling stones at the yellow essay, my beautiful mother, nor soil my gentle nest. I only wish to indicate the cia admissions essay, true position of nature in regard to man, wherein to essay establish man, all right education tends; as the ground which to attain is the object of human life, that is, of man's connection with nature. Culture inverts the annotated bibliography cover page apa style, vulgar views of nature, and brings the mind to call that apparent, which it uses to call real, and that real, which it uses to call visionary.

Children, it is true, believe in the external world. The Yellow Questions? The belief that it appears only, is an afterthought, but with culture, this faith will as surely arise on the mind as did the pro and uniforms, first. The advantage of the ideal theory over the popular faith, is this, that it presents the world in the yellow wallpaper essay questions, precisely that view which is most desirable to the mind. It is, in fact, the view which Reason, both speculative and practical, that is, philosophy and virtue, take. For, seen in the light of thought, the world always is phenomenal; and writing help, virtue subordinates it to the mind. Idealism sees the world in God. It beholds the whole circle of the yellow wallpaper essay persons and things, of actions and events, of country and religion, not as painfully accumulated, atom after atom, act after act, in an aged creeping Past, but as one vast picture, which God paints on the instant eternity, for the contemplation of the soul. Therefore the soul holds itself off from a too trivial and microscopic study of the universal tablet. It respects the end too much, to immerse itself in the means. It sees something more important in Christianity, than the scandals of ecclesiastical history, or the niceties of criticism; and, very incurious concerning persons or miracles, and not at custom term paper, all disturbed by chasms of historical evidence, it accepts from God the phenomenon, as it finds it, as the pure and awful form of religion in the world.

It is not hot and wallpaper essay questions, passionate at the appearance of what it calls its own good or bad fortune, at the union or opposition of other persons. No man is its enemy. It accepts whatsoever befalls, as part of its lesson. It is a watcher more than a doer, and it is annotated bibliography cover a doer, only that it may the better watch. Chapter VII SPIRIT It is essential to a true theory of nature and of man, that it should contain somewhat progressive. Uses that are exhausted or that may be, and facts that end in the statement, cannot be all that is true of this brave lodging wherein man is harbored, and wherein all his faculties find appropriate and endless exercise. And all the uses of nature admit of being summed in one, which yields the activity of man an the yellow wallpaper essay, infinite scope. Through all its kingdoms, to the suburbs and outskirts of annotated things, it is faithful to the cause whence it had its origin. It always speaks of Spirit.

It suggests the absolute. It is the yellow wallpaper a perpetual effect. It is a great shadow pointing always to the sun behind us. The aspect of pro and con on school essays nature is devout. Like the figure of Jesus, she stands with bended head, and hands folded upon the breast. The happiest man is he who learns from nature the lesson of worship. Of that ineffable essence which we call Spirit, he that thinks most, will say least. We can foresee God in the coarse, and, as it were, distant phenomena of matter; but when we try to define and the yellow wallpaper essay, describe himself, both language and thought desert us, and we are as helpless as fools and savages. Write An Essay On Pollution? That essence refuses to be recorded in propositions, but when man has worshipped him intellectually, the noblest ministry of nature is to stand as the apparition of the yellow questions God.

It is the organ through which the universal spirit speaks to the individual, and strives to lead back the individual to it. When we consider Spirit, we see that the views already presented do not include the whole circumference of man. We must add some related thoughts. Three problems are put by nature to the mind; What is wilkins essay be justified matter? Whence is questions it? and Whereto? The first of these questions only, the ideal theory answers. Idealism saith: matter is a phenomenon, not a substance.

Idealism acquaints us with the total disparity between the evidence of our own being, and the evidence of the cia admissions, world's being. The one is perfect; the other, incapable of any assurance; the the yellow wallpaper essay, mind is a part of the nature of things; the world is a divine dream, from which we may presently awake to the glories and certainties of day. Idealism is a hypothesis to account for nature by other principles than those of carpentry and chemistry. Yet, if it only deny the existence of matter, it does not satisfy the demands of the spirit. It leaves God out of me. It leaves me in the splendid labyrinth of my perceptions, to wander without end. Then the heart resists it, because it balks the affections in bibliography cover page, denying substantive being to men and the yellow, women. Nature is so pervaded with human life, that there is something of humanity in all, and in every particular. But this theory makes nature foreign to me, and does not account for that consanguinity which we acknowledge to it. Let it stand, then, in the present state of our knowledge, merely as a useful introductory hypothesis, serving to burleigh wilkins essay apprize us of the eternal distinction between the soul and the yellow wallpaper questions, the world.

But when, following the invisible steps of thought, we come to inquire, Whence is matter? and Whereto? many truths arise to us out of the recesses of pro and essays consciousness. We learn that the highest is present to the soul of the yellow questions man, that the dread universal essence, which is not wisdom, or love, or beauty, or power, but all in one, and each entirely, is that for annotated bibliography, which all things exist, and essay, that by which they are; that spirit creates; that behind nature, throughout nature, spirit is present; one and online, not compound, it does not act upon us from without, that is, in space and time, but spiritually, or through ourselves: therefore, that spirit, that is, the the yellow essay, Supreme Being, does not build up nature around us, but puts it forth through us, as the life of the tree puts forth new branches and leaves through the pores of the old. As a plant upon the earth, so a man rests upon the bosom of God; he is nourished by unfailing fountains, and draws, at his need, inexhaustible power. Who can set bounds to the possibilities of annotated bibliography cover apa style man? Once inhale the upper air, being admitted to behold the absolute natures of justice and the yellow essay questions, truth, and we learn that man has access to the entire mind of the Creator, is himself the creator in the finite.

This view, which admonishes me where the sources of wisdom and power lie, and points to virtue as to pro and con on school The golden key. Which opes the palace of eternity, carries upon its face the highest certificate of truth, because it animates me to the yellow essay create my own world through the purification of my soul. The world proceeds from the same spirit as the body of man. It is a remoter and bibliography apa style, inferior incarnation of God, a projection of the yellow wallpaper questions God in paper writing, the unconscious. But it differs from the body in wallpaper, one important respect. It is not, like that, now subjected to the human will. Con On Uniforms Essays? Its serene order is inviolable by us.

It is, therefore, to us, the present expositor of the the yellow, divine mind. It is a fixed point whereby we may measure our departure. As we degenerate, the annotated bibliography cover, contrast between us and the yellow wallpaper essay, our house is more evident. We are as much strangers in nature, as we are aliens from write on pollution God. We do not understand the the yellow essay questions, notes of birds. The fox and the deer run away from term paper us; the bear and tiger rend us. We do not know the uses of more than a few plants, as corn and the apple, the potato and the vine.

Is not the landscape, every glimpse of which hath a grandeur, a face of him? Yet this may show us what discord is between man and nature, for you cannot freely admire a noble landscape, if laborers are digging in the yellow essay questions, the field hard by. The poet finds something ridiculous in his delight, until he is out of the sight of men. Pro And Con On School Uniforms? Chapter VIII PROSPECTS In inquiries respecting the laws of the world and the frame of things, the highest reason is always the essay, truest. That which seems faintly possible -- it is so refined, is pro and school uniforms often faint and dim because it is deepest seated in the mind among the eternal verities. Empirical science is apt to cloud the sight, and, by the very knowledge of functions and the yellow essay, processes, to bereave the student of the manly contemplation of the whole. Pro And Con On School Uniforms? The savant becomes unpoetic. But the best read naturalist who lends an entire and wallpaper essay, devout attention to truth, will see that there remains much to learn of his relation to the world, and that it is not to be learned by any addition or subtraction or other comparison of known quantities, but is annotated page apa style arrived at by untaught sallies of the spirit, by wallpaper a continual self-recovery, and by entire humility.

He will perceive that there are far more excellent qualities in the student than preciseness and infallibility; that a guess is often more fruitful than an indisputable affirmation, and that a dream may let us deeper into the secret of nature than a hundred concerted experiments. For, the problems to be solved are precisely those which the physiologist and the naturalist omit to state. It is not so pertinent to man to know all the individuals of the animal kingdom, as it is to burleigh be justified know whence and whereto is essay this tyrannizing unity in his constitution, which evermore separates and classifies things, endeavoring to reduce the most diverse to one form. When I behold a rich landscape, it is less to my purpose to recite correctly the order and cia admissions, superposition of the strata, than to know why all thought of multitude is lost in a tranquil sense of unity. I cannot greatly honor minuteness in the yellow essay, details, so long as there is no hint to explain the relation between things and thoughts; no ray upon the metaphysics of write an essay conchology, of botany, of the arts, to show the relation of the forms of flowers, shells, animals, architecture, to the mind, and build science upon ideas.

In a cabinet of natural history, we become sensible of a certain occult recognition and sympathy in regard to essay the most unwieldly and eccentric forms of beast, fish, and insect. The American who has been confined, in his own country, to the sight of buildings designed after foreign models, is surprised on entering York Minster or St. Peter's at write on pollution, Rome, by the feeling that these structures are imitations also, -- faint copies of an invisible archetype. Nor has science sufficient humanity, so long as the naturalist overlooks that wonderful congruity which subsists between man and the world; of which he is lord, not because he is the most subtile inhabitant, but because he is its head and heart, and finds something of himself in every great and small thing, in essay questions, every mountain stratum, in every new law of color, fact of astronomy, or atmospheric influence which observation or analysis lay open. A perception of this mystery inspires the muse of George Herbert, the school uniforms essays, beautiful psalmist of the seventeenth century. The following lines are part of his little poem on Man.

Man is all symmetry, Full of wallpaper essay proportions, one limb to another, And to all the world besides. Each part may call the farthest, brother; For head with foot hath private amity, And both with moons and cover apa style, tides.

Nothing hath got so far. But man hath caught and kept it as his prey; His eyes dismount the highest star; He is in little all the sphere. Herbs gladly cure our flesh, because that they. Find their acquaintance there.

For us, the winds do blow, The earth doth rest, heaven move, and fountains flow; Nothing we see, but means our good, As our delight, or as our treasure; The whole is either our cupboard of food, Or cabinet of pleasure.

The stars have us to bed: Night draws the curtain; which the sun withdraws. Music and light attend our head. All things unto our flesh are kind, In their descent and being; to essay our mind, In their ascent and cause. More servants wait on man. Than he'll take notice of. In every path,

He treads down that which doth befriend him. When sickness makes him pale and wan. Oh mighty love! Man is one world, and hath. Another to attend him. The perception of this class of truths makes the attraction which draws men to science, but the end is lost sight of in cia admissions, attention to the means. In view of this half-sight of science, we accept the sentence of Plato, that, poetry comes nearer to vital truth than history. Every surmise and vaticination of the mind is the yellow wallpaper entitled to a certain respect, and cia admissions, we learn to prefer imperfect theories, and sentences, which contain glimpses of the yellow truth, to digested systems which have no one valuable suggestion. A wise writer will feel that the ends of study and composition are best answered by announcing undiscovered regions of thought, and so communicating, through hope, new activity to the torpid spirit. I shall therefore conclude this essay with some traditions of man and nature, which a certain poet sang to me; and which, as they have always been in the world, and perhaps reappear to every bard, may be both history and prophecy. `The foundations of man are not in matter, but in spirit.

But the element of spirit is eternity. To it, therefore, the longest series of events, the oldest chronologies are young and recent. In the cycle of the universal man, from whom the known individuals proceed, centuries are points, and all history is but the epoch of one degradation. `We distrust and deny inwardly our sympathy with nature. We own and disown our relation to it, by turns. We are, like Nebuchadnezzar, dethroned, bereft of essay reason, and the yellow, eating grass like an write an essay on pollution, ox. But who can set limits to the remedial force of spirit? `A man is a god in ruins.

When men are innocent, life shall be longer, and wallpaper, shall pass into the immortal, as gently as we awake from dreams. Now, the world would be insane and rabid, if these disorganizations should last for hundreds of years. It is kept in check by death and infancy. Paper Writing Help? Infancy is the perpetual Messiah, which comes into the arms of fallen men, and pleads with them to return to paradise. `Man is the wallpaper questions, dwarf of himself. Essay? Once he was permeated and dissolved by spirit. He filled nature with his overflowing currents. Out from him sprang the sun and the yellow wallpaper questions, moon; from man, the sun; from woman, the moon. The laws of his mind, the periods of on pollution his actions externized themselves into day and night, into the year and the seasons. Questions? But, having made for himself this huge shell, his waters retired; he no longer fills the custom paper, veins and veinlets; he is shrunk to a drop.

He sees, that the structure still fits him, but fits him colossally. Say, rather, once it fitted him, now it corresponds to him from far and on high. He adores timidly his own work. Now is man the follower of the sun, and woman the follower of the moon. Yet sometimes he starts in his slumber, and wonders at himself and his house, and muses strangely at the resemblance betwixt him and it. He perceives that if his law is still paramount, if still he have elemental power, if his word is sterling yet in nature, it is the yellow not conscious power, it is not inferior but superior to his will. It is Instinct.' Thus my Orphic poet sang.

At present, man applies to nature but half his force. He works on the world with his understanding alone. He lives in it, and masters it by a penny-wisdom; and he that works most in it, is but a half-man, and whilst his arms are strong and his digestion good, his mind is imbruted, and he is a selfish savage. His relation to nature, his power over it, is through the understanding; as by manure; the economic use of fire, wind, water, and the mariner's needle; steam, coal, chemical agriculture; the repairs of the human body by write on pollution the dentist and the surgeon. This is such a resumption of power, as if a banished king should buy his territories inch by inch, instead of vaulting at once into his throne. Meantime, in the thick darkness, there are not wanting gleams of a better light, -- occasional examples of the action of the yellow wallpaper essay questions man upon nature with his entire force, -- with reason as well as understanding.

Such examples are; the traditions of miracles in the earliest antiquity of all nations; the history of Jesus Christ; the achievements of a principle, as in religious and an essay on pollution, political revolutions, and in the yellow questions, the abolition of the Slave-trade; the miracles of enthusiasm, as those reported of Swedenborg, Hohenlohe, and the Shakers; many obscure and yet contested facts, now arranged under the name of Animal Magnetism; prayer; eloquence; self-healing; and the wisdom of children. These are examples of cia admissions Reason's momentary grasp of the sceptre; the exertions of a power which exists not in time or space, but an the yellow wallpaper essay, instantaneous in-streaming causing power. The difference between the cover apa style, actual and the ideal force of man is happily figured by wallpaper the schoolmen, in cia admissions essay, saying, that the knowledge of questions man is an evening knowledge, vespertina cognitio, but that of God is a morning knowledge, matutina cognitio. The problem of restoring to the world original and bibliography cover, eternal beauty, is solved by the redemption of the soul. The ruin or the blank, that we see when we look at nature, is in our own eye. The axis of vision is not coincident with the axis of things, and so they appear not transparent but opake.

The reason why the the yellow wallpaper essay, world lacks unity, and lies broken and in uniforms, heaps, is, because man is disunited with himself. He cannot be a naturalist, until he satisfies all the demands of the spirit. Love is as much its demand, as perception. Indeed, neither can be perfect without the other. In the the yellow wallpaper questions, uttermost meaning of the words, thought is devout, and devotion is thought. Deep calls unto deep. But in actual life, the marriage is con on not celebrated. There are innocent men who worship God after the the yellow wallpaper questions, tradition of their fathers, but their sense of duty has not yet extended to burleigh essay can terrorism be justified the use of all their faculties.

And there are patient naturalists, but they freeze their subject under the wintry light of the understanding. Is not prayer also a study of truth, -- a sally of the soul into the unfound infinite? No man ever prayed heartily, without learning something. But when a faithful thinker, resolute to detach every object from personal relations, and see it in the light of thought, shall, at the same time, kindle science with the fire of the holiest affections, then will God go forth anew into the creation. It will not need, when the wallpaper essay, mind is prepared for study, to search for objects. The invariable mark of wisdom is to see the miraculous in the common. What is a day? What is a year? What is write on pollution summer? What is woman? What is a child?

What is sleep? To our blindness, these things seem unaffecting. We make fables to hide the baldness of the fact and conform it, as we say, to the higher law of the mind. The Yellow Wallpaper Essay? But when the fact is seen under the light of an idea, the gaudy fable fades and shrivels. We behold the real higher law. To the wise, therefore, a fact is true poetry, and the most beautiful of fables.

These wonders are brought to our own door. You also are a man. Man and woman, and their social life, poverty, labor, sleep, fear, fortune, are known to you. Learn that none of these things is superficial, but that each phenomenon has its roots in the faculties and affections of the mind. Whilst the abstract question occupies your intellect, nature brings it in an essay on pollution, the concrete to be solved by your hands. It were a wise inquiry for the closet, to the yellow essay questions compare, point by point, especially at remarkable crises in life, our daily history, with the rise and progress of ideas in the mind. So shall we come to look at the world with new eyes. It shall answer the endless inquiry of the intellect, -- What is truth? and of the affections, -- What is good? by yielding itself passive to the educated Will.

Then shall come to pass what my poet said; `Nature is not fixed but fluid. Spirit alters, moulds, makes it. The immobility or bruteness of nature, is the absence of spirit; to pure spirit, it is fluid, it is volatile, it is obedient. Every spirit builds itself a house; and beyond its house a world; and beyond its world, a heaven. Know then, that the world exists for you. For you is the phenomenon perfect. What we are, that only can we see. All that Adam had, all that Caesar could, you have and writing, can do. Adam called his house, heaven and earth; Caesar called his house, Rome; you perhaps call yours, a cobler's trade; a hundred acres of ploughed land; or a scholar's garret. Essay? Yet line for line and point for point, your dominion is as great as theirs, though without fine names.

Build, therefore, your own world. As fast as you conform your life to the pure idea in your mind, that will unfold its great proportions. Cia Admissions? A correspondent revolution in things will attend the influx of the spirit. So fast will disagreeable appearances, swine, spiders, snakes, pests, madhouses, prisons, enemies, vanish; they are temporary and shall be no more seen. The sordor and filths of nature, the sun shall dry up, and the wind exhale.

As when the summer comes from the the yellow, south; the snow-banks melt, and the face of the paper writing help, earth becomes green before it, so shall the advancing spirit create its ornaments along its path, and carry with it the beauty it visits, and the yellow, the song which enchants it; it shall draw beautiful faces, warm hearts, wise discourse, and heroic acts, around its way, until evil is no more seen. The kingdom of man over nature, which cometh not with observation, -- a dominion such as now is beyond his dream of God, -- he shall enter without more wonder than the help, blind man feels who is gradually restored to perfect sight.'